A malnourished Yemeni boy in a Sanaa hospital. Picture: AFP/MOHAMMED HUWAIS
A malnourished Yemeni boy in a Sanaa hospital. Picture: AFP/MOHAMMED HUWAIS

Dubai — Acute food insecurity is forecast to rise sharply in war-ravaged Yemen over a combination of factors exacerbated by the coronavirus, a report by several UN agencies said on Wednesday.

The report, which covers only the southern parts of Yemen, forecasts that the number of people “facing high levels of acute food insecurity” will increase from 2-million in February-April this year to 3.2-million in July-December.

That represents 40% of the population in 133 districts in southern Yemen covered by the study, up from 25%.

Economic shocks, conflict, floods, desert locusts and now the coronavirus are creating a perfect storm for the expected sharp rise in food insecurity, the report said.

The World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, Unicef and other partners who prepared the report call the increase “alarming”. 

Laurent Bukera, WFP country director in Yemen, said,“Yemen is facing a crisis on multiple fronts. We must act now ... The warning signs have returned and with the coronavirus pandemic added to the mix, it could get a lot worse if humanitarian action is delayed”. 

The WFP has previously said that despite humanitarian assistance, more than 20-million people all over Yemen are food insecure, including nearly 10-million facing acute food shortages. The population of Yemen is about 27-million.

The UN has called the situation in Yemen the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Tens of thousands have been killed and millions displaced since Huthi rebels took over the capital Sanaa and other territory in 2014. The war escalated in March 2015, when a Saudi-led military coalition intervened against the rebels.

The food security situation in Yemen eased in 2019 thanks to a huge scale-up of international aid, the report said, before this year’s setback. The report “is telling us that Yemen is again on the brink of a major food security crisis”, said Lise Grande, the UN’s humanitarian co-ordinator for Yemen.

Grande said the UN averted famine in Yemenin 2019 after receiving generous aid from the international community, buy warned, “unless we receive the funding we need now, we won’t be able to do the same this time.” 


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