A first military satellite named Noor is launched by Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps, in Semnan, Iran, April 22 2020. Picture: WANA/SEPAH NEWS VIA REUTERS
A first military satellite named Noor is launched by Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps, in Semnan, Iran, April 22 2020. Picture: WANA/SEPAH NEWS VIA REUTERS

Dubai — Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) said on Wednesday it had successfully launched the country’s first military satellite into orbit, at a time of heightened tensions with the US over Tehran’s nuclear and missile programmes.

US officials have said they fear long-range ballistic technology used to put satellites into orbit could also be used to launch nuclear warheads. Tehran denies US assertions that such activity is a cover for ballistic missile development and says it has never pursued the development of nuclear weapons.

“Iran’s first military satellite, Noor, was launched this morning from the central desert of Iran. The launch was successful and the satellite reached orbit,” state TV said.

The satellite, whose name Noor means “Light”, was orbiting 425km above the Earth’s surface, they said in a statement on their website. The force said it used the Qased, or “Messenger”, satellite carrier to launch Noor, without giving details of the technology.

“The three-stage Qased satellite launcher uses a combination of solid and liquid fuels,” it said.

TV footage showed the satellite carrier was inscribed with a verse of the Koran that Muslims often recite when travelling: “Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, as we could never have done it by our own efforts”.

Regional tensions have been high since the start of the year. In the latest sabre-rattling, US President Donald Trump said on Wednesday that he had instructed the US Navy to fire on Iranian ships if harassed, a week after the US said 11 vessels from the IGC Navy came dangerously close to US vessels in the Gulf.

“I have instructed the US Navy to shoot down and destroy any and all Iranian gunboats if they harass our ships at sea,” Trump wrote in a tweet, hours after Tehran’s announcement of the satellite launch.

Iran immediately reacted by saying that the US should focus on saving its military from the coronavirus “instead of bullying others”.

In early January, top Iranian military commander Qassem Soleimani was killed in a US drone strike in Baghdad. Iran retaliated on January 9 by firing missiles at bases in Iraq where US troops were stationed.

Nuclear deal

The Trump administration re-imposed sanctions on Iran following Washington’s 2018 withdrawal from a 2015 international accord designed to put curbs on Iran’s nuclear programme in exchange for Tehran halting its sensitive nuclear work.

Trump said the nuclear deal did not go far enough and also did not include restrictions on Iran’s ballistic missile programme and support for its proxies in the Middle East.

Israel, which Tehran refuses to recognise, called on the international community to condemn Iran’s satellite launch. “Israel calls upon the international community ... to impose further sanctions on the Iranian regime. All to deter it from continuing such dangerous and opposing activity,” Israel’s foreign ministry said in a statement.

Despite the launch, analysts said Tehran and Washington would not seek a conventional war.

“This is psychological warfare to send a message and tell the adversary that ‘We are ready to stop any offensive’,” Hisham Jaber, a retired Lebanese army brigadier-general and analyst, said. “Iran is using this policy as a deterrence. But the result: no effect on the ground. No dramatic effect ... Nobody is ready to handle any consequences of war, not America, not Iran or anyone.”

The US argues that such launches by Iran breach UN Security Council resolution 2231, which calls on Tehran not to undertake activities related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons. The resolution, which endorsed the nuclear pact between Iran and six major powers, stops short of explicitly barring such activity. Iran says its space programme is peaceful.

Iran’s Guards, which report to the country’s top authority, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, have repeatedly warned that US regional bases and its aircraft carriers in the Gulf are within the range of Iranian missiles.

Reuters