Surrendering families of Islamic State militants in the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 14 2019. Picture: REUTERS/ISSAM ABDALLAH
Surrendering families of Islamic State militants in the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 14 2019. Picture: REUTERS/ISSAM ABDALLAH

Baghouz, Syria — The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said on Sunday over 60,000 people, mostly civilians, had flooded out of Islamic State’s (IS's) last enclave in eastern Syria since a final assault to capture it began over two months ago.

SDF spokesman Kino Gabriel told journalists that 29,600 people, the majority of whom were families of fighters of the militant group, had surrendered since the US-backed forces led by the Kurdish YPG laid siege to the town of Baghouz and its hinterland on the Euphrates River.

Among them were 5,000 militants, the SDF said.

Another 34,000 civilians were evacuated from Baghouz, the last shred of territory held by the jihadists who have been driven from roughly one third of Iraq and Syria over the past four years, Gabriel said.

Former residents from the region say many of the civilians who came out of the Baghouz area in recent weeks were Iraqi Sunnis with close tribal ties on the other side of the border in Deir al-Zor, a Sunni heartland. They sought sanctuary in Syria for fear of revenge attacks by the Iraqi Hashd al Shaabi, the Iranian-backed Shi’ite militias in Iraq who swept through their areas when the militants lost control.

Another SDF spokesman, Mustafa Bali, said only about a hundred militants and their families had surrendered overnight in the remaining spot where hardline insurgents have been mounting a desperate last-stand defence.

“We had expected the surrender of a large number of terrorists and their families but only a small group came out,” Bali said.

A Reuters witness spotted US-led coalition jets flying overhead but there was no renewed bombing raids in a lull in fighting as the SDF expected more fighters and their families to surrender in the course of the day.

Bloody battle

The group said that 1,306 “terrorists” had been killed alongside many who were injured in the military campaign that began on January 9 while 82 SDF fighters had been killed and 61 injured.

The SDF said another 520 militants were captured during special operations conducted in the last militant bastion that comprises a group of villages surrounded by farmland where IS fighters and followers retreated as their “caliphate” was driven from once vast territories.

Former residents say hundreds of civilians have been killed in months of heavy aerial bombing by the coalition that have flattened many of the hamlets in the farmland area along the border with Iraq.

The SDF has mostly transferred the tens of thousands who have fled Islamic State's shrinking territory in recent months to a camp at al-Hol in the northeast.

A senior International Committee of the Red Cross official said last Monday an estimated 20,000 Iraqi women and children in the camp were expected to be sent home within weeks or months.

The UN says the camp now holds about 67,000 people, 90% of them women and children, well beyond its capacity. Camp workers say they do not have enough tents, food or medicine. They have warned of diseases spreading.