British Brexit negotiator David Frost at the EU headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. Picture: REUTERS/JOHN THYS
British Brexit negotiator David Frost at the EU headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. Picture: REUTERS/JOHN THYS

London — Britain headed into a fresh round of Brexit trade talks on Tuesday acknowledging it could break international law but only in a “limited way” after reports that it may undercut its exit treaty with the EU.

As the pound fell sharply on fears of a no-deal exit, the government’s legal department head quit in disagreement with a plan to overwrite parts of the withdrawal agreement treaty signed in January.

Britain left the EU on January 31 but talks on new trade terms have made little headway as the clock ticks down to an October deadline then the end of the status-quo transition arrangement in late December.

As diplomats gauged whether Johnson was blustering or serious about allowing a tumultuous finale to the four-year saga, Britain insisted it would abide by the treaty.

Asked if anything in the proposed legislation potentially breached international legal obligations or arrangements, Northern Ireland minister Brandon Lewis said: “Yes, this does break international law in a very specific and limited way.”

“We are taking the powers to disapply the EU law concept of direct effect required by article four in a certain, very tightly defined circumstance,” he told parliament.

He added that the government supported the Northern Ireland protocol of the withdrawal agreement and there is “clear precedence” for what Britain is planning.

Trust at stake

Amid warnings from the EU that if it reneges on the divorce deal there will be no agreement governing the roughly $1-trillion annual trade, former prime minister Theresa May said the government risks serious damage to its international image.

“The government is now changing the operation of that agreement,” May, who resigned after her own Brexit deal was repeatedly rejected, told parliament.

“Given that, how can the government reassure future international partners that the UK can be trusted to abide by the legal obligations of the agreements it signs?” May asked.

The Financial Times said the government’s “very unhappy” legal head Jonathan Jones walked out in protest over the possible plan to undercut the withdrawal agreement in relation to the protocol for British-ruled Northern Ireland.

The prospect of a messy divorce between the EU’s $16-trillion and UK’s $3-trillion economies pushed sterling to two-week lows with traders betting there was more volatility to come.

“We need to see more realism from the EU about our status as an independent country,” said David Frost, Britain’s top Brexit negotiator, adding that Britain is ramping up no-deal preparations.

The latest round of negotiations in London are likely to be tough: Britain says the EU has failed to understand it is now independent, especially when it comes to fishing and state aid; the EU, weary of wrangling, says it needs specifics from London and that Britain cannot make its own rules and have preferential access to its markets.

“A disorderly Brexit would not be good for Europe, it would be a real disaster for Britain and its citizens,” German finance minister Olaf Scholz said.

British officials say they can make do with an Australia-style arrangement. Australia is negotiating a free trade deal with the EU to improve its market access, but for now largely trades with the bloc on World Trade Organisation terms.


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