Britain's Queen Elizabeth reads the Queen's Speech during the opening of parliament in the Houses of Parliament in London, the UK, October 14 2019. Picture: TOLGA AKMEN/AFP
Britain's Queen Elizabeth reads the Queen's Speech during the opening of parliament in the Houses of Parliament in London, the UK, October 14 2019. Picture: TOLGA AKMEN/AFP

London —  A deal to smooth Britain's departure from the European Union (EU) hung in the balance on Monday after diplomats indicated the bloc wanted more concessions from Prime Minister Boris Johnson and said a full agreement was unlikely this week.

As the Brexit maelstrom spins, Johnson and EU leaders face a tumultuous week of reckoning that could decide whether the divorce is orderly, acrimonious or delayed yet again.

Johnson says he wants to strike an exit deal at an EU summit on Thursday and Friday to allow an orderly departure on October 31. If an agreement is not possible, he says he will lead the UK out of the bloc it joined in 1973 without a deal —  even after parliament has passed a law saying he cannot do so.

But EU president Finland said more time was needed and that negotiations could continue after the EU summit.

“I think there is no time in a practical or legal way to find an agreement before the EU Council meeting,” Prime Minister Antti Rinne said after talks with the next chair of EU summits, Charles Michel. “We need more time and we need to have negotiations after the (European) Council meeting.”

Some EU politicians such as Irish foreign minister Simon Coveney said a deal was possible with more work. But EU diplomats were pessimistic about the chances of Johnson’s hybrid customs proposal for the Irish border riddle.

“We are not very optimistic,” a senior EU diplomat told Reuters.

After more than three years of Brexit crisis that has claimed the scalps of two British prime ministers, Johnson will have to ratify any last-minute deal in parliament.

As EU ministers met in Luxembourg ahead of the leaders’ summit, Johnson’s planned legislative agenda was read out by Queen Elizabeth at the state opening of parliament.

If he is unable to clinch a deal, an acrimonious divorce could roil financial markets and test the cohesion of the UK.

“Let's not wait — we can't wait: let's get Brexit done,” Johnson told parliament. “If there could be one thing more divisive, more toxic than the first referendum, it be would be a second referendum.”

The pound fell more than 1% to a session low of $1.2517. Against the euro, the British currency weakened by a similar margin to 88.11p.

The main sticking point remains the border between EU member Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland: how to prevent it becoming a backdoor into the EU after Brexit without erecting controls that could undermine the 1998 peace agreement that largely ended three decades of sectarian violence.

Brexit in the balance

To get a deal done, Johnson must sell any deal to the parliament in which he has no majority and which he suspended unlawfully in September.

The details of Johnson’s proposals have not been published but are essentially a compromise in which Northern Ireland is formally in the UK’s customs union but also informally in the EU’s customs union.

But the EU is worried it would be impossible to ensure goods entering Northern Ireland do not end up in the bloc and is concerned about the complexity of a system for charging tariffs on goods moved between Britain and Northern Ireland.

“Such a hybrid customs territory like the British are proposing for Northern Ireland does not work anywhere in the world, it seems,” an EU diplomat said.

“With this kind of system, with two sets of rules for the same goods crossing the same border, there is more possibility for fraud and it's extremely complicated to distinguish between goods heading for Northern Ireland, or further to Ireland and the single market.”

In a sign that optimism which followed Johnson’s meeting with Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar last week may have been premature, EU diplomats now say the best chance of a deal would be to keep Northern Ireland in the EU’s customs union.

That would be a step too far for Johnson’s Northern Irish allies, the Democratic Unionist Party, and many Brexit supporters in his party.

If he fails to strike a deal with the EU, a law passed by parliament obliges him to seek a delay — the scenario EU diplomats think is most likely.

“It’s up to the Brits to decide if they will ask for an extension,” European Commission head Jean-Claude Juncker said in an interview with Austrian media outlet Kurier.

Extension options range from as short as an extra month to half a year or longer. The other EU states would need to agree unanimously to grant it.


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