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UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Picture: AFP/ISABEL INFANTES
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Picture: AFP/ISABEL INFANTES

London — Boris Johnson’s decision to suspend the British parliament this week for five weeks is unlawful and should be annulled, Scotland’s highest court of appeal ruled on Wednesday in an embarrassing setback for the UK prime minister.

Parliament was prorogued — suspended — on Monday until October 14, a move opponents argue is designed to thwart their attempts to scrutinise his plans for leaving the EU and allow him to push through a no-deal Brexit on October 31.

“You cannot break the law with impunity, Boris Johnson,” said Joanna Cherry, the Scottish National Party (SNP) law maker who led the challenge. “We are calling for parliament to be recalled immediately,” she told Sky News after the unanimous verdict by three judges at Scotland’s court of session.

Johnson’s office said the government would appeal to the supreme court, the highest judicial body in the UK. It was not immediately clear what effect the ruling would have.

“Any decision to accelerate the meeting of parliament during prorogation is a matter for the government,” a spokesperson for the speaker of the House of Commons told the BBC.

Johnson announced on August 28 that parliament would be prorogued, saying the government wanted the suspension so it could then launch a new legislative agenda.

Opponents say the real reason was to shut down debate and challenges to his Brexit plans. The court was shown documents that showed Johnson was considering prorogation weeks before he formally asked Queen Elizabeth to suspend the legislature.

“The UK government needs to bring forward a strong domestic legislative agenda,” a government spokesperson said in response to Wednesday’s ruling. “Proroguing parliament is the legal and necessary way of delivering this.”

‘Clear failure’

However, in an excoriating judgment, the Scottish judges ruled the principal reason for suspension was to stymie law makers and allow Johnson to pursue a no-deal Brexit policy.

“This was an egregious case of a clear failure to comply with generally accepted standards of behaviour of public authorities,” concluded one judge, Philip Brodie, according to a summary of the court verdict.

Judge James Drummond Young determined that “the only inference that could be drawn was that the UK government and the prime minister wished to restrict parliament”, the summary said. “The court will accordingly make an order declaring that the prime minister’s advice to Her Majesty the Queen, and the prorogation which followed thereon, was unlawful and is thus null and of no effect.”

Cherry and other law makers, including some parliamentarians who were thrown out of Johnson’s Conservative Party last week for rebelling over Brexit, said parliament should be recalled without delay. One of the former Conservatives, Dominic Grieve, said if Johnson had misled the queen over the reasons for prorogation, he should resign.

“If that were to be the case that this had happened, Boris Johnson would find himself in an untenable position in parliament,” Grieve told BBC TV.

Buckingham Palace declined to comment on the ruling.

A lower Scottish court had originally rejected the challenge and, last Friday, London’s high court also dismissed a similar challenge by campaigners. An appeal in that case is due to be heard on September 17 at the supreme court

Johnson, who took office in July, has promised to take Britain out of the EU on October 31 with or without a withdrawal agreement.

Before parliament was suspended, law makers forced through legislation that compels the prime minister to seek a three-month delay to Brexit on October 19 if no divorce agreement has been agreed to prevent a no-deal Brexit.

However, Johnson has ruled out asking the EU for any extension to the exit date.


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