Picture: IStock
Picture: IStock

Berlin — A "debt clock" in Berlin, run by German tax lobbyists to shame the government into reining in spending, is falling for the first time in its 22-year history.

In a sign of Berlin’s famously tight fiscal discipline, it shows public coffers moving into the black at a rate of €78 per second.

Granted, at this pace it would take some time — more than 800 years — for federal and state governments to pay off all of the massive €2-trillion they owe.

But the Federation of German Taxpayers (BdSt), the group that set up the digital clock, nonetheless hailed the turnaround as a good sign for Europe’s biggest economy.

"Only recently the federal and state governments bore responsibility for this policy of piling up debt," said its president, Reiner Holznagel. "This policy that harms future generations has fortunately now been stopped."

Debt levels have in fact been falling since 2013 to about €23,827 per person. But Holznagel said the effect would only be reflected in national and regional budgets from 2018.

The BdSt, famous for its annual "black book" that lists absurd or questionable uses of public funds, set up the clock at the entrance to its central Berlin headquarters in 1995.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her fierce former finance minister, Wolfgang Schaeuble, enshrined balancing the books — a goal known as the "black zero" — at the heart of their programme from 2014.

In fact, the country has in recent years booked budget surpluses running into billions.

The bonanza is expected to continue over the four years ahead to the tune of €30bn, says Peter Altmaier, Merkel’s factotum now running the finance ministry.

As coalition talks with the Social Democrats get under way, politicians see the cash as an opportunity to lavish gifts on their bases in the form of tax cuts, higher spending or public investments.

But on the European scale, such fights are a luxury problem.

With debt at 68.1% of GDP, Germany is one of the few EU members that approach the 60% limit set in the Treaty of Maastricht, along with Lithuania, Estonia, Luxembourg, Finland and the Netherlands.

Meanwhile, France and Spain remain in the European Commission’s sights for annual budget deficits above 3% of GDP per year, meaning they are building up debt too fast under EU rules.

In theory, both nations could face fines from Brussels if they fail to tighten the purse strings — although the commission has never levied such a punishment, even on repeat budget sinners.


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