London — Other countries should follow Iceland, which has become the first country to make it illegal to pay men more than women, politicians and equal-rights campaigners said on Wednesday. Iceland has been widely praised for introducing legislation on January 1 that imposes fines on any company or government agency with more than 25 staff without a government certificate demonstrating pay equality. Iceland is the world’s most gender-equal country, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF), which analysed gaps in education, health, economic opportunity and political empowerment. Yemen is the least gender-equal, it found. Here are some facts about the gender pay gap, according to the WEF: • The average pay for women globally is $12,000, compared with $21,000 for men, the WEF said last year, forecasting that women will not earn as much as men for 217 years. • Closing the pay gap could add an extra $250bn to the GDP of Britain; $1,750bn to that of the US; and $2.5-trillion to China’s...

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