OSLO — The small Norwegian company Nordox has prospered in Oslo for 50 years, but it now stands to lose 15% of its sales due to a European Union (EU) deal being hammered out in Brussels, just one of many upshots of Norway’s decision to remain outside the bloc.Hailed as a model by the pro-Brexit camp, Norway rejected EU membership in two referendums in 1972 and 1994 but it is still closely linked to the bloc through its membership in the European Economic Area (EEA).While the economic area gives Norway’s 5-million inhabitants access to Europe’s lucrative inner market of 500-million consumers — the EU accounts for 80% of Norway’s exports and 60% of its imports — it does not give it a vote in setting the rules.In Brussels, Norwegians have to leave the room when big decisions are made, hard enough as it is to get the 28 EU member states to agree."In the corridor while the EU education ministers are discussing (but allowed to join them for lunch)," tweeted Norwegian education minister To...

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