Myanmar's military supporters take part in a protest against the Union Election Commission in Yangon, Myanmar, January 29 2021. Picture: REUTERS/SHWE PAW MYA TIN
Myanmar's military supporters take part in a protest against the Union Election Commission in Yangon, Myanmar, January 29 2021. Picture: REUTERS/SHWE PAW MYA TIN

The UN led condemnation of Myanmar’s military on Monday after it seized power, calling for the release of elected leaders, including Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi.

UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres said the developments were a “serious blow to democratic reforms” and urged all leaders to refrain from violence and respect human rights, a UN spokesperson said.

The US, Britain, Australia and the EU condemned the military’s coup and detentions and its declaration of a state of emergency. The army said it had taken action in response to “election fraud”.

China’s response, however, was more muted. “We have noted what has happened in Myanmar and are in the process of further understanding the situation,” foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin told a daily news briefing in Beijing.

“China is a friendly neighbour of Myanmar’s. We hope that all sides in Myanmar can appropriately handle their differences under the constitution and legal framework and safeguard political and social stability,” he said.

US President Joe Biden on Monday threatened to reimpose sanctions on Myanmar. His  statement condemned the military's takeover and  detention of Suu Kyi as "a direct assault on the country’s transition to democracy and the rule of law."

The Myanmar crisis marks a first major test of Biden's pledge to collaborate more with allies on international challenges, especially on China's rising influence, in contrast to former president Donald Trump's often go-it-alone "America First" approach.

Reflecting similar views of several Western governments, US secretary of state Antony Blinken called for the release of Suu Kyi and the others detained by the military.

“We call on Burmese military leaders to release all government officials and civil society leaders and respect the will of the people of Burma as expressed in democratic elections on November 8,” Blinken said in a statement, using another name for Myanmar.

Restore democracy

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson also condemned the coup. “The vote of the people must be respected and civilian leaders released,” he said on Twitter.

Japan said it opposed any reversal of the democratic process in Myanmar. “We strongly call on the military government to restore democracy as soon as possible,” said a foreign ministry statement.

That was echoed by the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, who called for the “immediate and unconditional release” of all those detained.

Switzerland’s foreign ministry also called for the release of those detained and, voicing support for “the aspirations of the people of Myanmar for democracy, freedom, peace and development”, it urged the military to reverse its actions.

Australian foreign minister Marise Payne called on the military “to respect the rule of law, to resolve disputes through lawful mechanisms and to release immediately all civilian leaders and others” who had been detained.

Bangladesh, which is sheltering about 1-million Rohingya who fled violence in Myanmar, called for “peace and stability” and hoped a process to repatriate the refugees could move forward.

Singapore’s foreign ministry urged all parties to exercise restraint and work towards a positive and peaceful outcome in comments that were echoed by Malaysia and Indonesia.

However, fellow members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), took a more hands-off approach.

“It’s their internal affair,” Thailand deputy prime minister Prawit Wongsuwan told reporters when asked about the coup in the country’s northern neighbour. Cambodia and the Philippines made similar comments.

The detentions came after days of escalating tension between the civilian government and the military after the November 8 election, in which Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy scored a landslide win.

The army on Monday handed power to military chief Min Aung Hlaing and imposed a state of emergency for one year, according to a statement on a military-owned television station.



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