Amnesty halts India operations, citing government ‘witch-hunt’
Amnesty has highlighted human rights violations, unrest in the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region and a lack of police accountability
New Delhi — Human rights group Amnesty International halted work in India on Tuesday, accusing the government of having frozen its bank accounts as punishment for speaking out about alleged rights abuses.
Amnesty said Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government had blocked its accounts on September 10, forcing it to lay off its India staff after two years of fending off allegations of financial wrongdoing, which it said were baseless.
“This is the latest in the incessant witch-hunt of human rights organisations by the government of India over unfounded and motivated allegations,” Amnesty said in a statement, adding that the government was trying to silence its rights campaigns.
The interior ministry said human rights were no excuse for breaking the law, and that Amnesty had channelled large amounts of money to four entities in India in contravention of laws governing foreign financing. It did not name the organisations.
London-based Amnesty has highlighted human rights violations in recent months in the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region as well as what it said was a lack of police accountability during riots in Delhi in February.
“For a movement that has done nothing but raise its voices against injustice, this latest attack is akin to freezing dissent,” said Avinash Kumar, executive director of Amnesty International India.
Critics accuse Modi's conservative nationalist government of stifling dissent in Muslim-majority Kashmir, where insurgents have been fighting for more than 30 years, and protests erupted in 2019 after he cancelled the region's autonomy.
Opponents also say the government is pushing a Hindu-first agenda, undermining the secular foundations of India's democracy and raising fears among its 170-million Muslim minority.
An Amnesty report in August accused Delhi police of inciting rioters to attack Muslims in February. At least 50 people were killed, mostly Muslims, after the government passed a law limiting non-Hindu immigrants' rights to acquire Indian citizenship. Delhi police said the accusations were nonsense.
The interior ministry said Amnesty's assertions that it was being targeted for fighting for human rights were a ploy to divert attention from its alleged flouting of financial laws.
It said Amnesty had applied for permission under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act for financial transfers but this was not granted, making all such contributions illegal.
Opposition politician Shashi Tharoor said Amnesty's exit was a blow to democracy and free expression.
“India's stature as a liberal democracy with free institutions, including media & civil society organisations, accounted for much of its soft power in the world. Actions like this both undermine our reputation as a democracy & vitiate our soft power,” he said on Twitter.
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