China to inject billions into economy to avert coronavirus sell-off
Some analysts doubt the move will be enough to prevent the country’s stocks and currency falling on Monday, but it may ease a global sell-off
Dubai — China’s central bank said Sunday it will inject up to 1.2-trillion yuan of liquidity in seeking to avert a potential sell-off from the coronavirus outbreak.
However, analysts said it would not be enough to prevent the country’s stocks and currency falling on Monday, but it may ease a global sell-off sparked by the spread of the coronavirus.
The People’s Bank of China and other regulators announced a slew of measures to shore up their financial markets when they re-open following the Lunar New Year holiday.
The central bank said it will use reverse repurchase agreements to supply 1.2-trillion yuan ($174bn) of liquidity on Monday. The figure is 150-billion yuan ($21.7bn) on a net basis, according to Bloomberg calculations.
“This is well beyond the band-aid fix,” said Stephen Innes, a Bangkok-based chief market strategist at Axicorp. “If this deluge doesn’t hold risk-off at bay, we are in for a colossal beat down. In addition, the PBOC will likely intervene in the currency market, so I would expect them to layer the soothing market balm thick and heavy.”
Since China’s onshore markets last traded on January 23, the offshore yuan has weakened 1%, briefly falling beyond 7/$ for the first time in 2020. Chinese stock futures in Singapore have plunged 7.5%, suggesting a painful opening for the mainland market.
Concern that the coronavirus, which has killed more than 300 people, will slow the global economy sparked a deep sell-off in assets, in both developed and emerging markets. US stocks wiped out their 2020 gains last week, while those in developing nations slumped the most in almost two years. Haven assets such as US Treasuries and gold rose.
The measures from China’s regulators will “help cushion markets”, said Mansoor Mohi-uddin, a senior strategist at NatWest Markets in Singapore.
It will be even better for investor sentiment if the PBOC prevents the onshore yuan from weakening beyond 7/$, he said.
Not everyone is convinced China’s moves will be able to stem the downturn in markets, especially given the likely economic effect of the virus.
In a containment scenario — with a severe but short-lived impact — it could take China’s first-quarter gross domestic product growth down to 4.5% year on year, according to Bloomberg Economics. That would be the lowest quarterly figure since at least 1992.
“The efforts may look like trying to counter a tsunami with shovels,” said Ipek Ozkardeskaya, a senior market analyst at Swissquote Bank.