India clamps tight rules on Kashmir mosques to avoid protests, residents say
Region has been in a security lockdown for eight days as the Hindu nationalist government seeks to snuff out opposition to its move to impose tighter central control over it
Srinagar — Indian troops clamped tight restrictions on mosques across Kashmir for Monday’s Eid al-Adha festival, fearing antigovernment protests over the stripping of the Muslim-majority region’s autonomy, according to residents.
The Himalayan region’s biggest mosque, the Jama Masjid, was ordered closed and people were only allowed to pray in smaller local mosques so that no big crowds could gather, witnesses said.
Kashmir has been in a security lockdown for eight days as the Hindu nationalist government in New Delhi seeks to snuff out opposition to its move to impose tighter central control over the region.
Internet and phone communications have been cut and tens of thousands of troop reinforcements have flooded the main city of Srinagar and other Kashmir Valley towns and villages.
Authorities had eased restrictions temporarily on Sunday to let residents buy food and supplies for Eid, one of the most important Muslim festivals of the year.
But security was tightened again after sporadic protests involving hundreds of people during the day, residents said. Police in vans roamed the streets late on Sunday telling people to stay indoors.
“I can’t believe we are forced to be in our homes on this festival. This is the festival of joy and happiness,” resident Shanawaz Shah said.
Too scared to celebrate
Kashmir police chief Dilbagh Singh said people “have been asked to offer prayers locally”.
Singh insisted that Kashmir is peaceful despite the protests. “One incident in downtown Srinagar does not define the entire valley or the state,” he said.
Residents said the security crackdown has made them too fearful to celebrate.
A sheep trader at a Srinagar market, who gave his name as Maqbool, said the number of people buying animals for traditional feasts is sharply lower and he has gone from “huge profits” in 2018 to a “big loss” this time.
Several thousand people participated in one rally after Friday prayers were broken up with teargas and shotgun pellets. But authorities denied there was any protest.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has insisted the constitutional changes to Kashmir are needed to bring peace and prosperity to a region blighted by a decades-old insurgency against Indian rule that has left tens of thousands dead.
He has won widespread backing in India for the move.
But local Kashmir leaders say that stripping the region of its autonomy risks worsening the unrest.
Many Kashmir political leaders have been detained and Indian media reports read some had been taken to detention centres outside the state.
Fury in Pakistan
India’s move has also sparked fury in Pakistan, which also claims Kashmir.
The neighbours have fought two wars over the Himalayan region, which they split after their independence in 1947.
In a series of tweets on Sunday, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan compared India’s tactics in Kashmir to those of the Nazis.
Khan said the “ideology of Hindu Supremacy, like the Nazi Aryan Supremacy, will not stop” in Kashmir.
He also compared the autonomy move as “the Hindu Supremacists version of Hitler’s Lebensraum”.
Officials said Khan will visit the Pakistan-controlled part of Kashmir this week to show solidarity.
Pakistan has already expelled the Indian ambassador, halted what little bilateral trade exists and suspended cross-border transport in protest at New Delhi’s move on Kashmir.
Tensions remain fraught in Kashmir’s mountainous Ladakh region, where a local activist said dozens of protesters participated in rallies on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, with at least 10 people injured by security forces using teargas and batons.
Modi insisted last week the decision to strip Kashmir of its autonomy was necessary for its economic development, and to stop “terrorism”.
Under its previous constitutional autonomy, Kashmiris enjoyed special privileges such as the sole right to own land or take government jobs and university scholarships.
With Kashmir now fully part of the Indian union, Modi said the region would enjoy more jobs, and less corruption and red tape, adding that key infrastructure projects would be expedited.
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