Sri Lanka on alert as Buddhist hardliners hold first meeting after Easter attacks
Kandy — Police lined the streets of the Sri Lankan highland town of Kandy on Sunday and the army was on standby as hardline Buddhist monks gathered for their first big assembly since Easter attacks by Islamist militants on churches and luxury hotels.
Galagoda Aththe Gnanasara, the influential head of the Buddhist nationalist group Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), has called for as many as 10,000 clergymen from across the country to attend the meeting.
The group said the gathering will decide who to back in the presidential elections later in 2019 in the Indian Ocean island nation where Buddhists make up about 70% of the population. The rest include ethnic Tamils, who are mostly Hindus, and Muslims.
Dressed in orange, Gnanasara visited one of Buddhism’s most sacred temples in Kandy on Sunday where a relic believed to be the Buddha’s tooth is kept. Later in the day, the hardliner, who has faced allegations of inciting violence against Muslims, was due to address the gathering.
After visiting the temple, he told reporters they would take a “historical decision” to give leadership for the development and security of the Sinhalese.
“Today, the Sinhala ethnicity, which has developed this country historically, has become very weak … There is no leader who holds responsibility for Sinhalese,” he said, adding some people were trying to sabotage the convention by spreading fears of possible riots.
Police and armed army officials lined the streets around the stadium where the gathering was to take place later on Sunday, and were also present outside other Buddhist temples in the town centre.
“The army is assisting the police on security under the emergency law,” military spokesperson Sumith Atapattu said, adding soldiers were on alert should trouble erupt.
There has been increasing anti-Muslim violence in the country in recent weeks, blamed in part on Buddhist groups, in apparent reprisal for the April bombings claimed by Islamic State that killed more than 250 people.
Muslims have become fearful of a backlash, especially from hardline groups such as the BBS that are leading the campaign against Islamic extremism.
Many shopkeepers and restaurant owners in Kandy said they planned to close their establishments on Sunday for fear of violence.
MJM Faizal, a Muslim who set up the Expo Leather store in Kandy 20 years ago, said late on Saturday he never had a problem with his neighbours even if they belonged to different communities.
“We cannot predict anything because a lot of outsiders are coming to Kandy and we don’t know what that means,” said the 55-year-old, who said he has been losing business since the attacks in April.
“We are not safe now, there is always tension about what might happen. If we could, we would move to another country,” he said, adding that his wife and daughters now do not leave the house alone and are always accompanied by him or his brother.
Kandy was rocked by violence in 2018 when mobs vandalised a mosque, homes and businesses.
“The government is not doing enough for our security and safety,” said 42-year-old Mohamed Rilwa, a Muslim businessman who owns the Fancy Point general store that remained closed on Sunday.
“They see all of us the same way … just because we are Muslims and we have Muslim names,” he said, adding that he has lost 75% of his business since the attacks and worries for the safety of his wife and three children.
Yatawaththe Dhammaloka, one of the organisers of the event, however, said the objective was to unite Sinhalese who were politically, economically and culturally divided.