London — Gold jewellery sales in number one market China are finally picking up after years of decline, but consumers are still shying away from platinum.
Chinese jewellery sales are a main component of global demand for both physical gold and platinum, accounting for 14% and 16% of consumption respectively. Since peaking in 2013, both have fallen by about a third.
Analysts and jewellers report that a lack of trust in platinum, as well as the higher cost of exchanging platinum pieces for cash, make it a less appealing store of value for older buyers. Fashion conscious young consumers are favouring lower purity gold for day-to-day wear.
"Chinese people traditionally prefer gold," said Wang, a sales associate in central Beijing at Caibai Jewelry, which has stores across China’s northern regions, and who declined to give her first name.
"Gold sales are much better than platinum because it is a hard currency that can be changed into cash at any time, if there is an emergency."
According to World Gold Council data, Chinese gold jewellery sales rose 7% in the first quarter, having climbed in 2017 after three years of decline brought on by a shift in consumer spending to other areas, such as foreign travel, and as luxury goods demand dried up in the face of a crackdown on graft.
Early reports suggest Chinese platinum jewellery purchases fell by a similar degree in the first quarter, after extending a run of annual declines into a fourth year in 2017.
Chinese consumers, particularly in rural areas, do not have the strong cultural affiliation with platinum that they have with gold.
"Shops aren’t advertising platinum enough," said Hu, who manages another Caibai Jewelry store on the outskirts of the capital, and who also declined to give his first name.
"Sales of platinum products used to be much better two or three years ago."
Platinum retails at a lower price than pure gold, making it attractive to younger buyers with less disposable income.
But analysts said that those consumers are also favouring 18-carat gold, with a cultural preference for gold metal over white persisting.
At a presentation for London Platinum Week in May, Platinum Guild International attributed lower Chinese platinum jewellery demand to a prevalence of outdated pieces in shops. Chinese jewellers admit the inventory overhang is a problem. "It is a headache," Hu said. "We are not planning to remodel it. We will just keep selling it, or leave it in storage."
Reworking platinum, a hard metal, is a much tougher process for jewellers than remodelling more pliable gold, a problem for those who buy pieces as a store of value.
Jewellers charge a workmanship fee to exchange old platinum products for new of 32 yuan per gram, compared to 18 yuan for gold.