Washington/Seoul — North Korea’s top three military officials have been removed from their posts, a senior US official said on Sunday.
The move could support efforts by the North’s young leader to jump-start economic development and engage with the world, analysts said.
Kim Jong-un is preparing for a high-stakes summit with US President Donald Trump in Singapore on June 12, the first such meeting between a North Korean leader and a sitting US president.
The US official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, was commenting on a report by South Korea’s Yonhap news agency that all three of the North’s top military officials were believed to have been replaced.
Kim’s motivation remains unclear but analysts said the shake-up allows him and the ruling party to tighten control over the Korean People’s Army (KPA) at a critical time of international engagement and domestic development.
"If Kim Jong-un is set on making peace with the US and South Korea and dealing away at least part of the nuclear programme, he will have to put the KPA’s influence in a box and keep it there," said Ken Gause, director of the International Affairs Group at CNA, a nonprofit research and analysis organisation.
"This reshuffle has brought to the fore the officers who can do just that. They are loyal to Kim Jong-un and no one else."
Trump revived the Singapore summit on Friday after canceling it a week earlier.
The US is seeking a negotiated end to North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme and US officials believe there was some dissension in the military about Kim’s approaches to South Korea and the US.
Trump wants North Korea to "denuclearise", or get rid of its nuclear arsenal, in return for relief from economic sanctions.
North Korea’s leadership is believed to regard nuclear weapons as crucial to its survival, while Kim has said he plans to focus on economic development.
The US official did not identify the three ousted military officials.
Citing an unidentified intelligence official, Yonhap said No Kwang-chol, first vice-minister of the Ministry of People’s Armed Forces, had replaced Pak Yong-sik as defence chief, while Ri Myong-su was replaced by his deputy, Ri Yong-gil.
North Korean state media previously confirmed that Army General Kim Su-gil had replaced Kim Jong-gak as director of the KPA’s General Political Bureau.
The White House, State Department, CIA and Office of the Director of National Intelligence did not respond immediately to requests for official comment.
South Korea’s unification and defence ministries declined to confirm the report, while an official at the Unification Ministry said the government was watching the leadership situation in the North very closely.
Given the military’s secondary role in the country’s nuclear and missile programmes, the moves were likely more about installing a younger, even more trusted cohort of officials who Kim Jong-un could rely on as he confronts a variety of domestic and international issues, said Michael Madden, a North Korea expert at Johns Hopkins University’s 38 North website.
"The nuclear weapons are a side issue," he said.
The moves are likely linked in part to Kim Jong-un’s drive to have the military take a bigger role in critical infrastructure projects.
That could explain why the newly appointed director of the KPA’s General Political Bureau, Kim Su-gil, accompanied Kim Jong-un on a field guidance trip to a beach tourist zone with other officials, Madden said.
Kim Jong-un was also likely expecting to receive more international economic aid and investment soon as part of the ongoing talks and he wanted to prevent corruption that plagued some past projects, Madden said.
All of the newly promoted officials are younger than their predecessors, according to Yonhap, especially 63-year-old Ri Yong-gil, who is 21 years younger than Ri Myong-su.
"This points to two things: the consolidation of Kim Jong-un’s power as the sole leader of North Korea; and strengthened co-operation between the North’s party and military as the country works towards further economic development," said Yang Moo-jin, professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul.
"They’re all young but capable people," Yang said.
Lower-level US-North Korean talks to prepare for the summit were continuing but had made only "halting progress", according to a second US official briefed on the discussions.
That official said US negotiators’ efforts to press for definitions of immediate, comprehensive, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation by North Korea had run into opposition from the White House.
In a remarkable shift in tone eight days after canceling the summit, citing Pyongyang’s "open hostility", Trump welcomed North Korea’s former intelligence chief, Kim Yong-chol, to the White House on Friday, exchanging smiles and handshakes.
All three of the new officials have at least some experience interacting with foreign delegations, a factor that is critical as Kim seeks to line up meetings with leaders from the US, China, Russia and Syria.