Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk in Second World War finally located
Washington — Wreckage from the USS Lexington, a US aircraft carrier which sank during Second World War has been discovered in the Coral Sea, a search team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen announced Monday.
The wreckage was found on Sunday by the team’s research vessel, the R/V Petrel, about 3,000m below the surface more than 800km off the eastern coast of Australia.
The search team released pictures and video of the USS Lexington, one of the first ever US aircraft carriers, and some of the planes which went down with the ship. Remarkably preserved aircraft could be seen on the seabed bearing the five-pointed star insignia of the US Army Air Forces on their wings and fuselage.
On one aircraft, an emblem of the cartoon character Felix the Cat can be seen along with four miniature Japanese flags presumably depicting "kills". The search team also released pictures and video of parts of the ship, including a name-plate, and anti-aircraft guns covered in decades of slime.
Wreckage from the USS Lexington was discovered on March 4, 2018 by the expedition crew of Paul G. Allen’s Research Vessel (R/V) Petrel. The aircraft carrier, "Lady Lex" was found more than 3,000 meters below the surface, resting on the floor of the Coral Sea more than 500 miles off the eastern coast of Australia.
The USS Lexington and another US aircraft carrier, the USS Yorktown, fought against three Japanese aircraft carriers from May 4-8 1942 in the Battle of the Coral Sea, the first ever between carriers.
The badly damaged Lexington, nicknamed "Lady Lex", was deliberately sunk by another US warship at the conclusion of the battle.
More than 200 members of the crew died in the battle but most were rescued by other US vessels before the Lexington sank.
Adm Harry Harris, who heads the US military’s Pacific Command (Pacom) — and whose father was one of the sailors evacuated — paid tribute to the successful research effort.
"As the son of a survivor of the USS Lexington, I offer my congratulations to Paul Allen and the expedition crew of Research Vessel Petrel for locating the ‘Lady Lex,’ sunk nearly 76 years ago at the Battle of Coral Sea," Harris said in a statement. "We honour the valour and sacrifice of the ‘Lady Lex’s’ Sailors — and all those Americans who fought in the Second World War — by continuing to secure the freedoms they won for all of us," he said.
The USS Lexington was carrying 35 aircraft when it went down
The USS Lexington was carrying 35 aircraft when it went down.
The search team said that 11 aircraft had been found including Douglas TBD-1 Devastators, Douglas SBD-3 Dauntlesses and Grumman F4F-3 Wildcats.
"Lexington was on our priority list because she was one of the capital ships that was lost," said Robert Kraft, director of subsea operations for Allen.
"Based on geography, time of year and other factors, I work with Paul Allen to determine what missions to pursue. We’ve been planning to locate the Lexington for about six months and it came together nicely," Kraft said in a statement.
Search teams led by Allen have discovered the wreckage of a number of historic warships including the USS Indianapolis, a US heavy cruiser which sank in the Philippine Sea in July 1945 after being torpedoed by a Japanese submarine.