Global outrage at Aung San Suu Kyi’s treatment of Rohingya Muslims
Myanmar — Global outrage over Myanmar’s treatment of its Rohingya Muslims is being fueled by "a huge iceberg of misinformation", Aung San Suu Kyi said on Wednesday after the UN led calls for her government to end violence that has forced 125,000 to flee to Bangladesh.
Rohingya refugees have poured over the border with Bangladesh, fleeing a massive security sweep in western Rakhine state by Myanmar forces following a series of deadly ambushes by Rohingya militants on August 25.
Suu Kyi’s government has faced growing international condemnation for the army’s response with refugees bringing with them renewed stories of murder, rape and burned villages at the hands of soldiers. But in her first public comments since last month’s ambushes, she said sympathy for the Rohingya was being generated by "a huge iceberg of misinformation calculated to create a lot of problems between different communities and with the aim of promoting the interest of the terrorists".
The comments were made in a statement put out by her office following a call with Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has been particularly critical of Myanmar’s treatment of the Rohingya, dubbing it a "genocide". But Suu Kyi defended her government’s actions saying her administration was "defending all the people" in Rakhine state.
The statement highlighted a now deleted tweet last week by Turkey’s deputy prime minister, Mehmet Simsek, showing a series of gruesome pictures of bodies he wrongly claimed were of dead Rohingya.
Myanmar’s Rohingya are the world’s largest stateless minority and have lived under tight restrictions on their movement and citizenship for years. They largely eschewed violence, but in October a new militant group called the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army launched a series of deadly ambushes on border police prompting a massive army-led crackdown. More than 200,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since October. This includes 125,000 in the last two weeks, piling huge pressure on an impoverished neighbour that already hosted 400,000 Rohingya who had fled Myanmar over the past four decades.
The latest violence has also hit Rakhine’s Buddhist and Hindu populations with nearly 27,000 people displaced and fleeing in the opposite direction.
Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize winner who spent years under house arrest when Myanmar was under military rule, has come under intense pressure over her refusal to speak out against the treatment of the Rohingya or rein in the army. Analysts say her obduracy, despite the years of pressure from rights groups, is a sop to the powerful army and surging Buddhist nationalism in the Southeast Asian country.
The Rohingya are widely dismissed in Myanmar as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh despite many tracing their lineage back generations. They are not formally recognised as an ethnic group and are derided by many in Myanmar as "Bengalis" — making supporting them hugely unpopular.
Suun Kyi also has little control over the army, which has a long track record of rights abuses and using overwhelming force against domestic insurgencies, but detractors say she is one of the few people with the mass appeal and moral authority to swim against the tide on the issue, adding she has routinely defended the military’s response.
Earlier this year, UN investigators said Myanmar’s military has used "devastating cruelty" in its security crackdown in what might constitute ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya. Suu Kyi’s government has dismissed the allegations and has refused to grant visas to UN officials charged with investigating reports of atrocities.