Argentina’s Milei fails to win first round as Peronists soar
Peronists' surprise support, given the decline of the economy, sets up an intriguing second round on November 19
Buenos Aires — Argentina’s ruling Peronist coalition smashed expectations to lead the country’s general election on Sunday, setting the stage for a polarised run-off vote in November between economy minister Sergio Massa and far-right libertarian radical Javier Milei.
Massa had 36.6% of the vote, ahead of Milei on just over 30%, while conservative Patricia Bullrich was behind on 23.8% with near 98% of the vote counted, a result that defied pre-election polls that had predicted a libertarian win.
The surprise strength of the Peronists, despite overseeing inflation hitting triple digits for the first time since 1991, sets up an intriguing second round on November 19 between two polar opposite economic models for the embattled country.
The result eases concerns about a radical shift in policies in the event of a decisive win for Milei who has proposed dollarising the economy and shutting the central bank, but it still leaves the country with few answers to its worst economic crisis in two decades.
Argentines had flocked to the polls on Sunday amid the economic woes and rising anger with the traditional elite.
“I know that many of those who voted for us are the ones who are suffering the most,” Massa said after the results. “Our country is experiencing a complex, difficult situation, full of challenges to face... I am not going to fail them.”
Many blamed the Peronists, but Massa — a moderate — had shot back that the government’s social safety nets and subsidies were key for many hard-up Argentines, including a recent stunt showing how train and bus fares could rise sharply if he lost.
That message seems to have hit home.
“Peronism is the only space that offers the possibility that the poorest of us can have basic things at our fingertips,” said bricklayer Carlos Gutierrez as he went to vote on Sunday.
Milei, meanwhile, is proposing radical moves such as dollarising the economy and has criticised major trade partners China and Brazil. He also is in favour of slashing the size of government and opposes abortion.
To win outright on Sunday, a candidate would have needed over 45% of the vote or 40% and a 10-point lead.
The result, leaving things delicately poised and pushing out of the race establishment candidate Bullrich, will probably give already wobbly markets the jitters on Monday, with little clarity about the country's route forward.
“We have never had so much polarisation,” said pensioner Silvia Monto as she voted in Buenos Aires on Sunday.
Milei has pledged to “chainsaw” the economic and political status quo, luring some angry voters to his tear-it-all-down message, fed up with rising prices outstripping salaries.
“He is the only one who understands the situation in the country and understands how to save it,” said Buenos Aires student Nicolas Mercado.
Milei, in a defiant speech after the result, said he would fight on to win in the second round.
“We are faced with the most important election of the last 100 years,” he said. “If we work together we can win, if we work together we can recover our country.”
Election authorities said turnout was about 74%, up from the August primaries, but considerably lower than the 81% participation at the past election and the lowest general election turnout since the 1983 return to democracy.
Whoever emerges victorious will have to deal with an economy on life support: central bank reserves are empty, recession is expected after a major drought, and a $44bn programme with the IMF is wobbling.
Silvana Dezilio, a housewife in Buenos Aires province, said it was hard to see a positive outcome whoever won.
“All governments promise things and end up sinking us a little more. It seems unbelievable, but we are getting worse and worse. We read that other countries have overcome the problems that for us are getting worse every day,” she said.
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