Acting US defence secretary Christopher Miller in Arlington, Virginia, the US, November 13 2020. Picture: REUTERS/TOM BRENNER
Acting US defence secretary Christopher Miller in Arlington, Virginia, the US, November 13 2020. Picture: REUTERS/TOM BRENNER

Washington — US President Donald Trump ordered the Pentagon to accelerate a drawdown of US troops in Afghanistan and Iraq to 2,500 in each nation, as the president works to deliver on his pledge to exit from “endless wars” before he leaves office in January.

Acting secretary of defence Christopher Miller announced the decision on Tuesday at the Pentagon. The order would reduce troops from about 4,500 in Afghanistan and from about 3,000 in Iraq less than a week before President-elect Joe Biden takes office.

“We will finish this generational war and bring our men and women home,” Miller, who replaced fired Mark Esper this month, told reporters at the Pentagon. The acting secretary, declining to take questions on the policy, left after reading a statement.

Speaking a few minutes after Miller, national security adviser Robert O’Brien said at the White House that “by May it is President Trump’s hope that they will all come home safely and in their entirety”.

While the move helps Trump fulfil a campaign vow, reports on the proposal drew bipartisan criticism from legislators including Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell before it was formally released. It also prompted a warning from Nato secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg, who said Tuesday before the announcement that the “price for leaving too soon or in an uncoordinated way could be very high”.

‘Terror caliphate’

“Afghanistan risks becoming once again a platform for international terrorists to plan and organize attacks on our homelands,” Stoltenberg said. He added that Islamic State “could rebuild in Afghanistan the terror caliphate it lost in Syria and Iraq”.

But Miller and defence officials who briefed reporters said the acting secretary had been in touch with Nato allies as well as Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. And they insisted that the “conditions” for a drawdown had been met, even though violence in Afghanistan has climbed despite a US-Taliban peace deal in 2020.

Pressed on exactly what conditions had been met, a senior defense official said that the drawdown posed no threat to US national security and that any challenges on the ground could be met by remaining forces in the country or region. The official didn’t address conditions on the ground in Afghanistan.

“We set out to accomplish three goals in 2001,” Miller said, referring to the start of the US invasion of Afghanistan. “First, go abroad and destroy terrorists, their organizations and their sanctuaries. Two, strengthen our defences against future attacks, and three, prevent the continued growth of Islamist terrorism to include by working with allies and local partners to take the lead in the fight.”

Reaction

The Trump administration’s decision divided members of both parties on Capitol Hill.

McConnell, a Kentucky Republican who is usually a staunch Trump ally, said on the Senate floor Monday that there’s little support in Congress for “simply walking away” from the conflicts.

“The consequences of a premature American exit” from Afghanistan “would likely be even worse than President Obama’s withdrawal from Iraq back in 2011, which fueled the rise of ISIS and a new round of global terrorism,” McConnell said. “It would be reminiscent of the humiliating American departure from Saigon in 1975.”

Mac Thornberry, the top Republican on the House armed services committee, quickly voiced his opposition.

“Increased military pressure brought the Taliban to the table and pretty much everybody agreed that further reductions would be conditions-based,” Thornberry of Texas, told reporters Tuesday at the Heritage Foundation. “The Taliban has done nothing — met no condition — that would justify this cut,” Thornberry added later in a statement.

But  Adam Smith, a Democrat who heads the armed services committee, called it the “right policy decision” if “carefully executed”.

“While the history of conflict in the region is complex and predates our direct involvement, after nearly 20 years of armed conflict, Americans and Afghans alike are ready for the violence to end,” Smith said in a statement. “It is clear that groups like ISIS-K [Islamic State] and the Taliban will continue to fight and sow chaos, but ultimately it is up to the Afghans to find a sustainable path to peace.”

The move comes after Trump fired Esper and replaced other top officials at the Pentagon with loyalists last week. Esper sent a classified memo to the White House this month expressing concerns about additional troop cuts, the Washington Post has reported, citing two senior officials it did not identify.

In Kabul, acting defence minister Asadullah Khalid told the Afghan parliament on Tuesday, before the announcement, that there was no concern about a complete withdrawal of foreign troops.

“I don’t see any clear indication that the US or Nato forces will fully withdraw from the country,” Khalid said. “Some other countries in Nato are still considering whether to remain or leave,” he said, noting Afghan forces were in charge of 96% of operations across the country and only 4% of those need foreign air support.

In a memorandum issued on Monday, Miller said his goal was to “bring the current war to an end in a responsible manner that guarantees the security of our citizens”.

Miller, a former Green Beret and White House counterterrorism coordinator, said in a memo Friday to all defence department employees that “ending wars requires compromise and partnership.”

“We met the challenge; we gave it our all,” Miller said in the memo. “Now, it‘s time to come home.”

Bloomberg 

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