Too early to tell if Bolivia’s political changes will boost bonds
Uncertainty hangs over the Latin American country after the resignation of former president Evo Morales
Sao Paulo/Houston — Bolivia’s first change in government in more than 13 years opens the door for a reformist administration that could eventually bolster economic growth. For bond investors, though, it’s far too early to bet on a revival.
That’s the conclusion of analysts at BNP Asset Management and Aberdeen Asset Management, who expect more instability after a disputed election in October triggered weeks of violence, military intervention and the resignation of president Evo Morales.
Absent clear leadership or a date for new elections, Bolivia’s dollar bonds are likely to keep sliding, the analysts said, though they’re leery of predicting exactly how much. Morales has been granted asylum by Mexico, according to that nation’s foreign minister.
“If uncertainty prevails, we may see further selling because the positive that Morales brought was stability, and now any uncertainty may be potentially worrisome,” said Emilia Matei, an emerging-markets analyst at Aberdeen in London.
“The first hurdle has passed, though, that of political change. It remains to be seen whether the change will be for the better.”
Bolivia’s $1bn-denominated bonds due in 2028 fell 5 cents since a disputed presidential election on October 20 and were fetching about 92 cents on the dollar last week, yielding 5.715%. That’s in line with Ivory Coast, which shares Bolivia’s Ba3 rating from Moody’s Investors Service, but higher than other peers such as the Dominican Republic, Senegal and Serbia. The US bond market was closed on Monday for the veterans day holiday. Bolivia’s dollar bonds were steady in London trading early on Tuesday morning.
While the Morales government sought to shore up the economy with public spending, that also sparked an uptick in the nation’s public debt and eroded international reserves. Public debt rose to 53% of GDP from 38% between 2014 and 2019, while reserves shrank to a 10-year low of $7.9bn in March from about $15bn, the most recent data show.
Expect more instability in coming days and a rocky political transition, said Jean-Charles Sambor, the London-based deputy head of emerging-market fixed income at BNP Asset Management. Credit fundamentals have deteriorated in recent years as the fiscal deficit expanded, slowing economic growth and siphoning reserves, he said, adding that Bolivian debt is worth buying only if there are improvements in governance and in curbing deficits.
Granted, the bonds could rebound if a reformist leader emerges from the transition with enough support and credibility to make policy changes. Opposition candidate Carlos Mesa, the runner-up in the election, could be an option, Aberdeen’s Matei said. On Monday, Mesa urged legislators from Morales’s MAS party, which dominates the legislature, to attend Congress to ensure a quorum for a session to accept the president’s resignation and appoint a replacement. Bolivia last defaulted on international debt in 1988.
“Elections are highly likely to occur, and when they do, the opposition is set to come out on top,” Eurasia Group analysts Filipe Gruppelli Carvalho in Washington and Risa Grais-Targow in New York wrote in a report. “The outlook for an opposition-led administration is probably more constructive than a fourth Morales term, but the need for significant reforms and the energetic opposition of pro-Morales groups suggest a challenging scenario.”
Prolonged uncertainty would hurt growth and worsen the erosion of fiscal and external buffers that are key supporters of Bolivia’s credit profile, according to William Foster, a senior credit officer at Moody’s. The firm rates Bolivia one notch below Brazil.