EU representative Federica Mogherini arrives for talks in Montevideo as European and Latin American leaders gathered in Uruguay to discuss 'good faith' plan for Venezuela, Uruguay, February 7 2019. Picture: REUTERS/AANDRES STAPFF
EU representative Federica Mogherini arrives for talks in Montevideo as European and Latin American leaders gathered in Uruguay to discuss 'good faith' plan for Venezuela, Uruguay, February 7 2019. Picture: REUTERS/AANDRES STAPFF

Montevideo — European and Latin American leaders were due to gather on Thursday in the Uruguayan capital of Montevideo to discuss a plan to solve the deepening crisis in Venezuela, but will steer clear of direct intervention. 

The EU-backed group, known as the International Contact Group on Venezuela, will hold its inaugural meeting on Thursday, laying out a more hands-off approach that is at odds with calls by the US and Latin American powers for more intervention.

The gathering comes on the heels of a separate meeting of the harder-line Lima Group in Canada, which called for international action against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro to pressure him to step down.

Venezuela’s collapse under Maduro, with the country plunged into poverty and driving about 3-million people to flee abroad, has forced nations worldwide to take a stance, particularly after opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself president in January.

Major EU nations have joined the US, Canada and a group of Latin American countries in recognising Guaido as the rightful interim leader of the South American nation. But others remain wary about direct involvement — including participants at the meeting of the International Contact Group.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union   for Foreign Affairs and Security, arrived in Montevideo on Thursday. 

On the eve of the meeting on Wednesday, Mexico, Uruguay and Caribbean countries presented a plan for Venezuela, titled the “Montevideo Mechanism”.

“This is based on good faith, where we don’t intervene unless with dialogue, negotiation, communication and a willingness to contribute,” Mexico’s foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard, told reporters in Montevideo, echoing comments made earlier this week.

Mexico was once an outspoken critic of Maduro, but ties with Venezuela have warmed under leftist President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who invited Maduro to his inauguration in January.

Maduro, who retains control over the state, denounces Guaido as a US puppet who is seeking to foment a coup against him. Maduro is supported by China and Russia, while in Europe Slovakia and Italy have defied co-ordinated EU actions and the stance of the US.

Lined up behind the International Contact Group are the EU and a number of member states including France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK. Latin American members include Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico and host Uruguay.

The International Contact Group, launched late in January, has said its aim is to find a “political and peaceful process” within 90 days in which Venezuelans determine their own future, through the holding of free, transparent and credible elections.

Some critics, however, say privately that this stance could allow Maduro off the hook, even as pressure builds against him to step down. Maduro was re-elected to a new six-year term as president in May 2018, but many have condemned the election as a fraud.

Reuters