The US Capitol building. Picture: REUTERS
The US Capitol building. Picture: REUTERS

Washington — The five-week US government shutdown subtracted $11bn from the economy, about twice the amount President Donald Trump sought to fund a border wall, a congressional body said Monday.

However, all but $3bn, or 0.02% of GDP, will eventually be recovered as the government resumes operations, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office said in a report.

"Underlying those effects on the overall economy are much more significant effects on individual businesses and workers," the report said. "Some of those private-sector entities will never recoup that lost income."

Growth in subsequent quarters this year should see a small bounce, compensating for the losses in the final quarter of 2018 and the start of 2019, the report said.

The partial shutdown, the longest in US history, left about 800,000 federal workers either working without pay or furloughed, although they are due to receive back pay this week.

With public services including aviation safety beginning to buckle under the strain of withheld wages, Trump agreed on Friday to reopen the federal government temporarily, with no additional funding for the wall. The border wall to stem illegal immigration was a signature pledge from his 2016 campaign.

Funding for the government is due to run out by mid-February and Trump told The Wall Street Journal on Sunday that the odds were below 50% that legislators would reach a deal on border security he would find acceptable.

The border wall to stem illegal immigration was a signature pledge from his 2016 campaign.

AFP