Nicolas Maduro to start new term as Venezuela isolation grows
Opposition leaders see the inauguration as the moment at which Maduro will be branded a dictator following a controversial 2018 election
Caracas — Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro begins a second term in office on Thursday, shrugging off international criticism that his re-election in 2018 was illegitimate but facing further isolation as an economic crisis fuels a humanitarian emergency.
Leaders from the ruling Socialist Party have disavowed criticism of Maduro’s inauguration, which will keep him at the helm of the Opec oil exporter until 2025, and called for rallies in his support.
Opposition leaders, however, have portrayed the inauguration as the moment at which Maduro will be internationally branded a dictator following a widely boycotted 2018 election that many foreign governments described as a farce.
But continued support from the military, a fractured opposition and a relentless crackdown on opposition critics means that Maduro appears to face few serious challenges at home, despite the international outcry.
“They’ve tried to turn a constitutional swearing-in ceremony into a world war,” Maduro said during a news conference on Wednesday. “But whether there’s rain, thunder or lightning, we’re going to triumph.”
He will be sworn in by the Supreme Court rather than the opposition-run congress, which has been stripped of its powers since the Socialist Party lost control of it in 2016 — a move that underpins opposition criticism that Maduro has consolidated a dictatorship.
Maduro will then head to a ceremony at Venezuela’s military academy, signalling the importance of the armed forces in his governing coalition.
His triumphalist discourse echoes that of his predecessor, late socialist leader Hugo Chavez, who used abundant oil revenues to flood Venezuela with consumer goods while providing heavily subsidised food and medicine.
That contrasts sharply with the Venezuela of today.
Inflation is fast approaching 2-million percent. Some 3-million people have emigrated since 2015 — many on foot — to escape malnutrition and disease, according to the UN.
Bank notes that once paid for months’ worth of groceries are now tossed in trash cans or even woven into multi-coloured women’s handbags sold by street merchants.
In 2018, Maduro won reelection despite the economic chaos in large part because the opposition boycotted the vote.
The US and many Latin American and European nations condemned the vote, leaving Maduro backed by just a handful of stalwart allies from leftist governments.
There are few signs that countries will shutter embassies or sever ties with Venezuela, according to diplomatic sources, but most will not send diplomats to the inauguration.
The government feted the arrival of foreign dignitaries who travelled for the inauguration, including the president of South Ossetia — a disputed territory in the Caucasus region that is rarely described as nation.
That drew guffaws from opposition critics who called it a signal of isolation.
Opposition activists have called for protests on Thursday. Authorities have responded by filling streets with police checkpoints and rifle-toting troops.
Fury in 2017 over Maduro’s aggressive sidelining of congress led to a wave of protests in which more than 100 people were killed but which failed to shake him from power and left his adversaries frustrated.
“They’re trying to scare us so that we don't protest,” said Henry Ramirez, 39, a computer engineer in the western city of San Cristobal, attempting to cut into a line for fuel, the type of a queue that has become increasingly frequent amid the crisis. “Tomorrow the dictatorship continues.”
While politically motivated demonstrations have faded, protests take place nearly every day to demand salary improvements, access to food and medicine, or improvements to spotty power and water services.
“Maduro is going to be sworn in and I don’t think it changes anything,” said Angela Perez, 26, who works the cash register at a fast-food restaurant in the city of Valencia.
She did not sympathise with Maduro or his critics, she said.
“I’m just trying to get a few more documents together so I can leave the country. There’s no future here. It’s sad but true.”