UN and AU sound alarm after DRC rebels seize eastern border town
AU commission chair Moussa Faki Mahamat calls for ceasefire and talks between DRC and Rwanda
Goma — M23 rebels in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have seized the eastern border town of Bunagana, the rebel group and local activists said on Monday, sending more than 30,000 civilians fleeing into neighbouring Uganda.
The capture of Bunagana marked a major setback for DRC forces who said a day earlier they had the insurgents on the run.
The UN and AU voiced alarm about the mounting violence in a region where conflicts in the 1990s and 2000s cost millions of lives, mostly from disease and hunger, and spawned dozens of militias that remain active to this day.
Bunagana was an M23 stronghold during a 2012 insurrection that briefly overran the major city of Goma before Congolese and UN forces chased the rebels into neighbouring Rwanda and Uganda the following year.
The office of North Kivu’s military governor said on Sunday that DRC forces had “routed” the M23 following early-morning attacks near Bunagana, which is one of the main crossings into Uganda.
But the M23 issued a statement on Monday saying they controlled the town. Two local activists confirmed that it had fallen to the rebels.
Gen Sylvain Ekenge, the spokesperson for North Kivu’s military government, said he did not yet have any information.
“Our troops have taken control of the city of Bunagana since the morning of Monday, June 13,” said M23 spokesperson Willy Ngoma in a statement.
He said that taking the city had not been their goal, but that they decided to do it after repeated attacks by the Congolese army and allied groups.
“We ask once again for President Felix Tshisekedi to seize this opportunity to put an end to the violence caused by this useless war and to open direct negotiations with our movement,” said the M23 statement.
A government spokesperson could not immediately be reached for comment. The DRC’s government broke off negotiations with the M23 that had been taking place in Kenya in April.
The fighting caused more than 30,000 Congolese asylum seekers and 137 Congolese soldiers to cross into Uganda on Monday, Shaffiq Sekandi, Uganda's resident district commissioner for Kisoro district, told Reuters.
“They are all over, the streets are full, others have gone to churches, they are under trees, everywhere. It's a really desperate situation,” he said.
The UN had previously said that 25,000 people fled the violence on Sunday.
A spokesperson for UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres said he was concerned about deteriorating security in eastern Congo, including M23 attacks. The region has seen near-constant conflict since Rwanda and Uganda invaded twice in the 1990s.
AU commission chair Moussa Faki Mahamat called for an immediate cessation of hostilities and for talks between DRC and Rwanda to resolve the growing crisis.
DRC authorities on Sunday renewed accusations that Rwanda has been backing the latest offensive by the M23, whose leadership hails from the same Tutsi ethnic group as Rwandan President Paul Kagame.
Rwanda has denied providing any support and accused the DRC of collaborating with another militia group founded by ethnic Hutus who fled Rwanda after participating in the 1994 genocide. Congo denies this charge.
During the 2012/2013 conflict, Congo and UN investigators accused Rwanda and Uganda of supporting the M23, which they denied.
On Monday, two senior Congolese security sources, who asked not to be named, also accused the Ugandan military of supporting the M23’s offensive.
Twizere said he had seen Ugandan troops cross the border to block the DRC army’s access to Bunagana.
Uganda’s army spokesperson Brig Felix Kulayigye denied any involvement. “We are only closely watching what’s going on from across the border and we have been in that position for months,” he said.
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