Filipe Nyusi. Picture: REUTERS / SIPHIWE SIBEKO
Filipe Nyusi. Picture: REUTERS / SIPHIWE SIBEKO

Maputo — Total CEO Patrick Pouyanné and Mozambican president Filipe Nyusi met to discuss an intensifying Islamic State-linked insurgency in the country’s north, where the French oil giant is building a huge natural-gas project.

For more than a month, militants have occupied a town about 60km south of where Total is spending $20bn to extract natural gas from below the ocean and export it to European and Asian customers. The violence is now creeping towards Total’s Mozambique LNG project in the far northeast.

Recent videos that appear to show abuses, including torture and executions of civilians, by Mozambique’s army suggest the Cabo Delgado province has become increasingly lawless. In August, Total said it signed an agreement with the government for a joint task force to provide security to the project. Hundreds of Mozambican soldiers had already been guarding the site.

“The security situation in Cabo Delgado was at the core of the discussion between President Nyusi and Patrick Pouyanné,” a Total spokesperson said of the September 12 meeting in Maputo, the capital. “The government of Mozambique recently reiterated its commitment to respect international humanitarian law.”

Two days after the meeting, a widely shared video of men in military uniform gunning down a naked woman caused a public outcry in the country. Amnesty International said it has verified the men as government soldiers and that the incident occurred near a town less than 100km from the LNG project.

Woman executed

A statement from the presidency about the meeting didn’t mention security. The Mozambican government has consistently tried to downplay the insurgency since it began nearly three years ago. The state has also rejected accusations by rights groups that its military is committing abuses and has blamed the insurgents for fabricating the videos.

The execution of the woman was carried out by the same forces who protect the natural-gas projects, according to the Center for Democracy and Development, a local nongovernmental organisation.

“There is no way to dissociate the LNG companies from this situation, as the army is in Cabo Delgado to protect above all the LNG projects,” Adriano Nuvunga, who heads the centre, said in an interview.

Local communities

“Total unequivocally denounces and condemns all forms of violence,” the company said. “The group is concerned by the violence in Cabo Delgado, which affects local communities first and foremost.”

The memorandum of understanding the company signed with the government includes specific clauses to report, investigate and address any grievance closely or remotely related to the joint task force protecting the project, Total said. The agreement “includes very strict provisions on the respect of human rights,” it said in an e-mailed response to questions.

The violence has cost more than 1,900 lives and displaced at least 250,000 people in one of the poorest regions of the world. The EU’s parliament this week declared “grave concern” and urged the authorities “to take effective and decisive action in countering the Islamist insurgence and to protect all citizens of Cabo Delgado.”

If not stopped, the insurgency could grow and spill over into neighbouring countries, threatening regional stability, the EU said in an e-mailed statement.


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