Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta. Picture: LUDOVIC MARIN/REUTERS
Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta. Picture: LUDOVIC MARIN/REUTERS

Bamako  — The AU and UN called for the release of Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta and top government officials after they were detained on Tuesday by mutinying soldiers in the capital Bamako.

The development has plunging a country already facing a jihadist insurgency and mass protests deeper into crisis.

Keïta's detention followed hours of uncertainty after soldiers mutinied in the morning at the Kati military base outside Bamako and rounded up a number of senior civilian officials and military officers.

Images on social media showed Keïta, and Prime Minister Boubou Cisse in military convoy surrounded by armed soldiers, said to be at the Kati garrison, but Reuters could not confirm the authenticity of the videos.

Cisse had earlier appealed for dialogue and urged mutineers to stand down, before dropping from view. Two security sources later said Keïta had been seized and the AU said Cisse was also in detention.

Mali's state broadcaster went offline after the spate of detentions, before coming back on air in the early evening with pre-recorded programming.

It was not immediately clear who was leading the mutineers, who would govern in Keïta's absence or what the mutineers' motivations were. A military spokesperson said he had no information.

The M5-RFP coalition behind mass protests since June calling for Keïta to resign signalled support for the mutineers' action, with spokesperson Nouhoum Togo saying it was “not a military coup but a popular insurrection”.

Hundreds of antigovernment protesters to poured into a central square to celebrate and chant earlier in the day as rumours swirled that the mutineers had detained Keïta.

The protesters have blamed Keïta for corruption and worsening security in the north and centre of the West African country where Islamist militants are active.

A mutiny in 2012 at the same Kati base led to a military coup that toppled then-President Amadou Toumani Toure and hastened the fall of Mali's north to jihadist militants.

French forces intervened the following year to beat them back. But the militants have since regrouped and expanded their influence into neighbouring Burkina Faso and Niger, attacking soldiers, local civilians and Western tourists.

Regional fears

France and other international powers as well as the AU, fearful that the fall of Keïta could further destabilise Mali — a former French colony — and West Africa's entire Sahel region, denounced the mutiny.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres condemned Keïta's detention  and that of top government officials by the mutinying soldiers, calling for their immediate release.

“I energetically condemn the arrest of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, the prime minister and other members of the Malian government and call for their immediate liberation,” AU chair Moussa Faki Mahamat said on Twitter.

French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France “condemns in the strongest terms this grave event”. The US envoy to the Sahel, J Peter Pham, said on Twitter that “the US is opposed to all extra-constitutional changes of government”.

The Economic Community of West African States called on the Mali soldiers to return to their barracks.

At least 14 people were killed in July in the demonstrations that were called for by a coalition of Keïta's political opponents, religious leaders and civil society activists.

Keïta had hoped concessions to opponents and recommendations from a mediating delegation of regional leaders would help stem the tide of dissatisfaction, but the protest leaders have rejected proposals to join a power-sharing government.

“Whether he's been arrested or not, what is certain is that his end is near. God is granting our prayers. IBK is finished,” Haidara Assetou Cisse, a teacher, said earlier in the day, referring to Keita by his initials.


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