Locals leave after receiving food parcels handed out by an aid organisation after Cyclone Idai, near Dondo village outside Beira, Mozambique, on March 24 2019. Picture: REUTERS/SIPHIWE SIBEKO
Locals leave after receiving food parcels handed out by an aid organisation after Cyclone Idai, near Dondo village outside Beira, Mozambique, on March 24 2019. Picture: REUTERS/SIPHIWE SIBEKO

Beira — Survivors of a cyclone that pummelled Southern Africa began receiving medicine, food and tents on Tuesday as floodwaters receded, while officials warned up to 500,000 people are displaced in the storm-struck region.

Cyclone Idai smashed into Mozambique’s coast, unleashing hurricane-force wind and rain that flooded swathes of the country before battering eastern Zimbabwe, killing more than 700 people across the two countries, according to estimates

An area of about 3,125km² is still under water and 3-million people across Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi have been affected by the cyclone and its aftermath, according to the UN World Food Programme (WFP). “Close to 500,000 have been displaced in the three countries,” the WFP said in a briefing note.

The head of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies,  Elhadj As Sy, warned on Monday “we are sitting on a ticking bomb” as he called for renewed efforts to address the worsening health situation.

As logistical conditions improved and roads to affected communities were being reconnected, the full scale of the humanitarian crisis was revealed for the first time since disaster hit on March 15. Hundreds are still missing in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

“The conditions for rescue are improving. Yesterday a road reopened, which was really important to allow officials to work and rescue,” Mozambique land minister Celso Correa told reporters on Monday.

Sebastian Rhodes Stampa, co-ordinator at the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said that 30 aid missions were flying in, while others were going by road “so we can really deliver volume”. “We are packing food and shelter now, they will go out [on Tuesday] both north and south,” he said.

In New York, UN aid chief Mark Lowcock launched an appeal to provide Mozambique with $282m to help with relief efforts over the next three months. Lowcock told reporters that similar campaigns would be instigated in the coming days for Zimbabwe and Malawi.

Buzi, one of Mozambique’s worst-hit towns located 30km southwest of the city of Beira, became reachable by road on Monday, for the first time since the storm hit. “It will now be much faster to deliver aid,” Stampa said.

In Buzi, survivor Joao Zacaria said that “one man who had 40 cows lost them all. Forty, can you imagine!”

Sy, who had just returned from the region, warned of a high risk of water-borne diseases like cholera and typhus, as well as malaria, which is endemic in the region. The World Health Organisation has announced it is mobilising 900,000 doses of cholera vaccines from the global stockpile to help prevent an epidemic.

A procession of mourners carried a coffin containing the body of Tomas Joaquim Chimukme, who was killed by the cyclone, through saturated marshland outside Beira. Many of those attending wore open sandals in the water, which was ankle-high. The UN has warned that stagnant water in many areas, decomposing bodies and the lack of sanitation in overcrowded shelters in Mozambique could create breeding grounds for diseases.

The government has already identified some suspected but unconfirmed cases of cholera, Sy said. “That is the reason why I am raising the alarm. Many of these water-borne diseases are a great risk, but they are preventable. The worst thing is the children crying and looking for their parents. It is heartbreaking,” he said, adding that it remained unclear how many children may have been orphaned.

Medical services in the affected region were stretched even before the cyclone hit and according to aid group Doctors Without Borders, Beira hospital’s operating theatre sustained serious damage. As many as 17 health centres have lost their roofs, it said.

The SA military has deployed several aircraft to the affected area and an EU-funded WFP helicopter is supporting rescue and recovery efforts.