Gaborone/Cape Town — Botswana’s president, Mokgweetsi Masisi, wants a new, long-term, diamond-sales pact with De Beers when the current 10-year deal expires in 2020, and for more gems to be processed locally.
The conclusion of an accord is crucial for both Botswana, which relies on diamonds for almost a fifth of its GDP, and for Anglo American’s De Beers that gets about two-thirds of its gems from Bptswana. Masisi, who is due to contest elections next year, is pushing for the industry to create more jobs and is "dead determined" that more diamonds be cut and polished in the country.
"We have had a wonderful relationship with De Beers and we expect that relationship to be even more cemented," Masisi said in an interview on Monday in Gaborone. "There is a way of actually achieving a win-win for both, and that’s what we desire."
Botswana is the world’s biggest diamond producer after Russia, and most of its gems are mined by Debswana, a 50-50 joint venture between the government and De Beers. Anglo American owns 85% of De Beers, with Botswana’s government holding the balance. De Beers sells diamonds at invitation-only sights held 10 times a year at its offices in Botswana. The company sets the prices and its handpicked customers, known as sight holders, are not able to negotiate.
A former schoolteacher and vice-president, Masisi succeeded Ian Khama as the nation’s leader on April 1.
Masisi said preparations for the talks are at an advanced stage, but declined to give details of the government’s proposals or whether it wanted to raise its stake in De Beers, saying he didn’t want to prejudice the negotiations. The new deal may differ from the previous one because the circumstances and operating environment had changed, he said, adding that Botswana wants skilled jobs.
"The whole value proposition of beneficiation of diamonds revolves around jobs, the diversification of the economy. Why take them far away? So the very things that cause them to be processed elsewhere, we want to get to the underlying reasons for that, the attractions and bring them to Gaborone."
Diamonds were discovered in Botswana in 1967, the year after it gained independence from Britain. Revenue earned from gem sales transformed the nation from an undeveloped farming community into one of the continent’s wealthiest societies, and was used to pave thousands of miles of dirt roads and build schools and clinics in every town.
Last month, Debswana gave notice of plans to deepen its Jwaneng mine to 830m, a project that will extend the mine’s life by 11 years, to 2035, and allow the extraction of a further 50-million carats. Jwaneng, which started full operations in 1982, produces the most diamonds of any mine by value and is currently 650m deep.
Such large-scale, capital-intensive projects illustrated the need for Botswana and De Beers to have a long-term relationship, Masisi said. "The returns are only going to be realised in the period of the next deal. This is a marriage we are after."
Anglo in Africa
Since taking office six weeks ago, Masisi has met twice with Indian billionaire Anil Agarwal, who became Anglo American’s biggest shareholder when he took a 21% stake in the company last year, and asked him to lobby for the London-based company to invest more in Africa. Agarwal has spoken in the past about wanting to use his stake in Anglo to increase India’s role in the diamond industry, where about 90% of the gems are polished and cut.
Masisi said he would welcome working more closely with Agarwal. "He brings with him, as I have gathered, an immense amount of business integrity. Who are we to complain, particularly given that he is so committed to investment in matters that are consistent with what we would like?"