Kenya has started marking and tagging its rhino as their numbers dwindle
Meru — Kenya started marking rhinos on Thursday and aims to tag and identify 22 of them in two weeks at a cost of $600,000 as part of conserving their dwindling numbers, senior government officials said on Thursday.
The project comes just weeks after the world’s last male northern white rhino died in Kenya, leaving only two females of its kind alive in the world. Scientists still hope to save the sub-species from extinction using in vitro fertilisation.
Kenya had 20,000 rhinos in the 1970s, falling to 400 in the 1990s. It now has 650, almost all of them black rhinos.
Kenya Wildlife Service and its ministry of tourism started marking the rhinos in Meru National Park, the area of which is being increased to 83km² from 45km². The numbers of rhino in the park have risen to 104 from 90. Of those, 72 are southern white rhinos and 32 are black.
"Ear notches are permanent markings and you can use them for the life of the animal," Francis Gakuya, head of veterinary services at KWS, told Reuters. "The horn transmitters we usually put on animals have a shelf life of three years, then the battery goes down, so after that you are not able to track the animal unless immobilised and you do it again."
Thousands of southern white rhinos still roam Sub-Saharan Africa, but decades of rampant poaching have almost wiped out northern whites. Poachers were able to sell northern white rhino horns for $50,000/kg, making them more valuable than gold.