One more try for top job: Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga, the presidential candidate of the National Super Alliance coalition, attends a media conference in Nairobi on Monday, a day before the election. Picture: REUTERS
One more try for top job: Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga, the presidential candidate of the National Super Alliance coalition, attends a media conference in Nairobi on Monday, a day before the election. Picture: REUTERS

Kisumu, Kenya — Nervous Kenyans stockpiled food and water on Monday and police prepared first emergency aid kits as families headed to their ethnic heartlands on the eve of an election many fear could descend into violence.

Opposition leader Raila Odinga, 72, who lost elections in 2007 and 2013, has already said President Uhuru Kenyatta, 55, can only win if his ruling Jubilee party rigs the vote, a stance that increases the chances of a disputed result and unrest.

Opinion polls before Tuesday’s presidential election put the pair neck-and-neck. Kenyans will also be voting for members of parliament and local representatives.

In 2007, Odinga’s call for street protests after problems with the vote count triggered a widespread campaign of ethnic violence in which 1,200 people lost their lives and 600,000 were displaced.

The violence also hammered East Africa’s biggest economy as regional trade ground to a halt and tourists, the biggest source of foreign exchange, cancelled their holidays.

Much of the killing a decade ago was in Kisumu, a city of a million people, most of them from Odinga’s Luo tribe, on the shores of Lake Victoria.

On Sunday, its open-air markets and shops were packed with customers stocking up on last-minute essentials.

"We are fearful because before, there was rigging and that led to violence," said orange seller Christine Okoth.

Wilson Njenga, a central government official overseeing the western region, said police had received disaster equipment including first aid and gloves, but insisted it was all part of normal contingency planning.

"We don’t want to be caught flatfooted," he told reporters.

On the campaign trail last week, Odinga told Reuters that Kenyatta could not win without cheating, a message that has fired up supporters in his back yard. "If he doesn’t win, we are going to the streets and we’ll demonstrate," said 28-year-old Kisumu potato seller Ruth Achieng.

Deputy President William Ruto, who was charged along with Kenyatta by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for organising the 2007 violence, tweeted a prayer for peaceful and transparent polls. The ICC cases against both him and Kenyatta collapsed.

Going back to rural roots to vote is a long-standing Kenyan tradition, driven by a desire to catch up with friends and family as well as choose a suitable local political representative.

More recently, fear of unrest has become a factor.

In all, 150,000 security personnel including park rangers have been called up to maintain order across the country, including preventing demonstrations in hot spots immediately before or after the polls.

In Kisumu, where many people feel neglected by a central government led by a president from the Kikuyu ethnic group since 2002, county commissioner Mohamed Maalim told local media, protests close to election day were banned.

Rights groups say hate-speech has been notably absent from large public speeches in both campaigns, an important difference from 2007.

Reuters

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