US publishes blacklist of Chinese and Russian firms deemed military end-users
China has urged the US to stop what it calls erroneous actions and treat all companies in an equal way
New York — The Trump administration has published a list of Chinese and Russian companies with alleged military ties that restrict them from buying a wide range of US goods and technology.
It was first reported last month that the US commerce department drafted a list of companies that it linked to the Chinese or Russian military, news that brought a rebuke from Beijing.
The final list does not include Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac), or the Hong Kong subsidiaries of Colorado’s Arrow Electronics and Texas-based TTI, a Berkshire Hathaway electronics distributor. Those companies were on the draft list seen by Reuters.
However, Shanghai Aircraft Design and Research Institute, which designs Comac planes, and Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing, which manufactures Comac planes, are on the list.
China urged the US to stop what it called erroneous actions and treat all companies in an equal way, foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said at a daily news conference in Beijing on Tuesday.
Its ministry of commerce later said in a statement that it firmly opposed the inclusion of Chinese companies on the US list and would take necessary measures to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises.
The final list names 103 entities, 14 fewer than on the draft list in November; 58 are designated under China, down from 89; and 45 entities are tied to Russia, up from 28.
Commerce secretary Wilbur Ross said on Monday that the action establishes a new process “to assist exporters in screening their customers for military end-users”.
The final list was published on the US commerce department website on Monday and is scheduled to be posted for public inspection in the federal register on Tuesday.
Publishing the list in the waning days of the Trump administration follows the addition of dozens of Chinese companies to another US trade blacklist, including the country’s top chipmaker, SMIC, and drone manufacturer SZ DJI Technology, on Friday.
Tensions between the US and China have escalated over the past year as Trump blamed it for the coronavirus pandemic, China imposed a national security law in Hong Kong, and a dispute involving the South China Sea has intensified.
The US government also has grown increasingly concerned about China’s “military-civil fusion,” a policy that aims to build up its military might and technological development in tandem.
In the spring, the US commerce department expanded the definition of “military end-users”, as the department defines the companies with military ties. The category includes not only armed service and national police, but any person or entity that supports or contributes to the maintenance or production of military items — even if their business is primarily non-military.
The military end-user designation requires US companies to obtain licences to sell to the firms, which are more likely to be denied than granted.
The list is not definitive and the commerce department said US companies must continue to do their own due diligence to help decide whether their buyers are considered military end-users.
While Comac was removed, seven Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) subordinate entities remain on the list. General Electric and Honeywell International both have joint ventures with AVIC and supply Comac, which is spearheading Chinese efforts to compete with Boeing and Airbus.
This month, Arrow and TTI both denied their subsidiaries have ties to the Chinese military and said they are working to be removed from any final list.
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