World leaders take part in a video conference during the G20 Summit 2020, November 22 2020. Picture: SPUTNIK/REUTERS
World leaders take part in a video conference during the G20 Summit 2020, November 22 2020. Picture: SPUTNIK/REUTERS

World leaders urged countries not to lose sight of climate goals in the coronavirus pandemic, endorsing the aims of the Paris Agreement amid hopes that US President-elect Joe Biden will rejoin the accord.

Participants on the second day of a virtual Group of 20 summit discussed climate change in a session hosted by Saudi Arabia, holder of the forum’s presidency. The US formally exited the Paris accord, which pledges limits on fossil-fuel pollution, earlier in November.

President Cyril Ramaphosa backed the Paris accord, while calling for efforts to mitigate against climate change to be accompanied by support for countries affected by it.

“We must remain firm in our resolve to protect our societies and the planet from environmental degradation,” said Ramaphosa, who holds the rotating chair of the 55-nation AU.

“G-20 members should strengthen the fight against climate change, and continue to play a leading role to achieve full, effective implementation of the Paris agreement,” Chinese President Xi Jinping said.

Xi, who has pledged to make his country carbon-neutral by 2060, said China “applauds” the so-called circular carbon economy, or CCE, put forward by Saudi Arabia, a controversial plan that seeks to reduce emissions while capturing and reusing greenhouse gases produced by burning hydrocarbons.

US President Donald Trump used his address to the session to again slam the Paris deal, justifying his decision to walk away from the accord “to protect American workers”.

“The Paris accord was not designed to save the environment, it was designed to kill the American economy,” Trump said. “I refused to surrender millions of American jobs and send trillions of American dollars to the world’s worst polluters and environmental offenders and that’s what would have happened.”

Other leaders spoke in favour of the pact and more broadly of the need to sustain momentum on climate goals even as economies around the world are ravaged by the Covid-19 pandemic.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said attention was naturally on saving people and economies from the effects of the coronavirus. “Equally important is to keep our focus on fighting climate change. Climate change must be fought not in silos but in an integrated, comprehensive and holistic way.”

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said his country supported “practical pathways to reducing emissions”. He added: “Australia remains firmly committed to the Paris agreement and the commitments we have made.”

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, whose country takes over the G-20 presidency for 2021, said the climate will be a top focus issue for the group in 2021 and that Saudi Arabia’s CCE proposal “will have its part to play” in the transition to a carbon-neutral future.

But Conte also reaffirmed Italy’s commitment to the Paris accord. “There is no escape however from the urgent need to reduce emissions. This must be the centrepiece of all efforts to combat climate change,” Conte said.

The G-20 leaders agreed in their final statement to “endorse” CCE, “while recognising the key importance and ambition of reducing emissions, taking into account system efficiency and national circumstances.”

EU governments had for days resisted using the word “endorse”, multiple officials said, pushing rather to acknowledge carbon capture’s contribution to climate action while making clear it wasn’t enough.

The CCE approach has drawn some scepticism. Making a production cycle fully self-sufficient is virtually impossible: Some new input will always be necessary, and some waste will always be created. Building a circular economy can also require high upfront costs.

Bloomberg

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