Trump sought Xi’s help to win re-election, says Bolton book
Washington — Former national security adviser John Bolton writes in a new book that President Donald Trump asked Chinese leader Xi Jinping to help him win re-election by buying more US farm products, according to an excerpt published by The Wall Street Journal.
The disclosure is part of a devastating portrayal of Trump’s conduct of foreign policy by Bolton, the most senior official in this White House so far to publish an account of his experience. The book is poised to further burden Trump’s already struggling effort to secure a second term.
In the book, which is scheduled to be released next week, Bolton describes a discussion between Trump and Xi at 2019’s Group of 20 summit in Osaka, Japan. Bolton writes that Trump was “pleading with Xi to ensure he’d win”, but said he could not print the president’s exact words because the government’s prepublication review process for classified material forbade it, according to the excerpt.
The former top security aide said the result was emblematic of “the confluence in Trump’s mind of his own political interests and US national interests”, writing that he routinely made foreign policy choices to benefit himself politically.
“I am hard-pressed to identify any significant Trump decision during my White House tenure that wasn’t driven by re-election calculations,” Bolton writes.
The Trump administration has been trying to stop the book’s publication, and on Wednesday night asked a federal judge in Washington to grant an emergency restraining order. But The New York Times and The Washington Post have both published reports on Bolton’s book on Wednesday after obtaining copies.
In an interview with Sean Hannity on Fox News on Wednesday night, Trump said Bolton “broke the law, very simple. As much as it’s going to be broken.” He belittled Bolton as a “washed-up guy” when he joined the administration.
Trump lashed out at his former adviser in tweets early on Thursday. He earlier told The Wall Street Journal that Bolton was “a liar” and offered a vindication of his foreign policies.
A Trump campaign spokesperson, Tim Murtaugh, said in an interview on Bloomberg Television that Bolton’s allegation that Trump sought Xi’s intervention in his re-election is “absurd”.
“John Bolton is just trying to sell books, that’s all there is to it,” he said.
But the White House is already struggling to consistently rebut Bolton’s account. While Trump said on Monday that “maybe he’s not telling the truth”, White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany said on Wednesday the book is “full of classified information” without denying Bolton’s assertions.
Bolton claims that Trump views China policy entirely through the lens of his re-election, fixated on securing a trade deal at the expense of almost everything else. That, according to Bolton, raises the possibility that Trump’s recent tough talk about China’s role in the coronavirus pandemic is nothing more than bluster that may dissolve if he wins re-election.
“The Trump presidency is not grounded in philosophy, grand strategy or policy,” Bolton writes. “It is grounded in Trump. That is something to think about for those, especially China realists, who believe they know what he will do in a second term.”
US trade representative Robert Lighthizer said it was “absolutely untrue” that Trump asked Xi for help with the 2020 US election during trade talks in Japan in 2019. Lighthizer made the statement in Senate testimony on Wednesday.
Bolton writes that in 2019, Trump offered to reverse criminal prosecutions against Huawei Technology Companies if it would help secure a phase one trade deal with China.
Bolton also said Trump did not study the weighty issues facing the country and knew little about other nations he dealt with. For example, Bolton writes that the president asked if Finland was part of Russia and expressed surprise upon hearing the UK is a nuclear power, according to The Washington Post.
The lack of knowledge put the president at a severe disadvantage when dealing with leaders such as Russian President Vladimir Putin, Bolton said in an interview with ABC News.
“I think Putin thinks he can play him like a fiddle. I think Putin is smart, tough. I think he sees that he’s not fazed with a serious adversary here. I don’t think he’s worried about Donald Trump,” Bolton said in a clip that aired on Wednesday.
The book, titled The Room Where it Happened, could have lasting consequences for Trump’s campaign, which has already been bedevilled by the president’s response to nationwide protests against police brutality and his handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Trump is trailing his presumptive opponent, former vice-president Joe Biden, in national polls and in many polls of key swing states.
“If these accounts are true, it’s not only morally repugnant, it’s a violation of Donald Trump’s sacred duty to the American people to protect America’s interests and defend our values,” Biden said in a statement on Wednesday.
In asking for the emergency restraining order on Wednesday night, the government argued that the book contained classified information and that Bolton failed to get approval to have it published.
The injunction should “instruct his publisher to take any and all available steps to retrieve and destroy any copies of the book that may be in the possession of any third party”, the government said in court papers.
The justice department on Monday filed a lawsuit seeking to block publication.
The legal wrangling, combined with Trump’s heated criticism of Bolton, has generated interest in the book, which has become a number-one best seller on Amazon.com ahead of its publication. Many former Trump aides have published accounts of their time in the White House, but none who held as high-ranking a position as Bolton.
At the very least, the book could undercut the Trump campaign’s argument that the president is far tougher on China than Biden would be, if elected. Trump’s son Donald Trump Jr has taken to using the hashtag #BejingBiden in tweets and has accused the Democratic nominee of failing to recognise the threat posed by China’s Communist Party.
The list of Trump’s concessions to China are long, according to Bolton. He was uninterested in supporting Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protesters in 2019 and told Xi in the summer of 2019 that building camps in the Xinjiang region to imprison hundreds of thousands of Uighur Muslim was “exactly the right thing to do”.
Trump, in The Wall Street Journal interview, said he did not give his assent to Xi’s plan for the widespread detentions in Xinjiang. And in the interview with Hannity, the president said, “Nobody has been tough on China and nobody has been tough on Russia like I have. And that’s in the record books and it’s not even close. The last administration did nothing on either.”
The description of Trump’s policies in Bolton’s book will lend credence to Democrats’ claims that the president’s actions essentially gave China a green light to carry out some of its most egregious abuses, including its crackdown on Uighurs and its decision to impose a new national security law on Hong Kong.
The White House announced on Wednesday that Trump had signed a bill rebuking the Beijing government over its treatment of the Uighurs minutes after the book excerpts were published.
Defending Taiwan, according to Bolton, also isn’t a priority for the president. He describes Trump as being deferential and at times downright obsequious to Xi, at one point calling him the greatest Chinese leader in 300 years — and then amending it to “the greatest leader in Chinese history.”
The revelations came out at almost the exact time that secretary of state Michael Pompeo was meeting China’s top foreign policy official, Yang Jiechi, for secretive talks at the Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii. Both sides have so far refused to discuss the agenda for the talks.
Bolton argues that House Democrats could have expanded their impeachment inquiry beyond Ukraine to focus on what the former security aide called a “pattern of fundamentally unacceptable behaviour that eroded the very legitimacy of the presidency”.
But Bolton has also faced backlash from critics for his refusal to testify in the House’s impeachment inquiry. He said he wanted to wait to see if a judge would rule if he could testify despite White House objections.
He offered to testify during the Senate’s trial of Trump’s impeachment. Republicans who control the chamber voted not to hear from him before acquitting the president.
The New York Times reported that Bolton also wrote that Trump said he was willing to stop US criminal probes “to, in effect, give personal favours to dictators he liked”, citing cases involving China’s ZTE and Turkey’s Halkbank. Bolton writes the president sought to seek favour with Xi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan through the offers.
“The pattern looked like obstruction of justice as a way of life, which we couldn’t accept,” Bolton writes, according to the Times, adding that he expressed his concern directly to attorney-general William Barr and White House counsel Pat Cipollone.
Bloomberg News reported in October 2019 that Erdogan made multiple appeals to Trump to avoid charges against Halkbank, one of Turkey’s biggest lenders. Trump assigned Barr and treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin to look into the issue after an April phone conversation with Erdogan.
No action was taken for months after the call, but US prosecutors released an undated indictment in October accusing the bank of fraud, money laundering and violating US sanctions against Iran.
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