Carlos Ghosn. Picture: REUTERS/ISSEI KATO
Carlos Ghosn. Picture: REUTERS/ISSEI KATO

London/Tokyo — Life on the run is proving expensive for Carlos Ghosn. The cost of his escape included $14m in forfeited bail money while the operation that saw him celebrate New Year’s Eve in Beirut could have cost $15m or more.

That includes $350,000 for the private jet that spirited the former automotive executive from Osaka to Istanbul and millions of dollars for his multi-country extraction that would have taken a team of as many as 25 people half a year to plan, according to a private security expert who said he wasn’t involved and asked not to be identified given the nature of the operation.

Such outflows have seen Ghosn’s fortune shrink by 40% since he was arrested more than a year ago at Tokyo’s Haneda Airport, according to estimates by the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. His fortune is now calculated to be about $70m, down from about $120m at the time of his first court appearance a year ago.

‘Mission impossible’

In fiery, freewheeling form at a two-and-a-half hour press conference in Beirut on Wednesday, Ghosn repeatedly proclaimed his innocence against allegations he understated his income and raided corporate resources for personal gain; accused Japanese prosecutors, government officials and Nissan Motor executives of conspiring to topple him; and insisted he would clear his name.

“I am used to what you call mission impossible,” he said in response to questions from the assembled reporters. “You can expect me in the next weeks to take some initiatives to tell you how I’m going to clear my name.”

That might include a tell-all book. Ghosn plans to publish the story of his arrest, according to a report by Japanese public broadcaster NHK.

His downfall has already seen him lose millions in payouts. Last year, Nissan canceled retirement and stock-linked compensation and Renault said he won’t benefit from a non-compete agreement he signed in 2015 and stock-based payments that were conditional on his staying at the company. Many of the charges against him centre on retirement payments, totaling more than $140m, which he hadn’t yet received.

French investigations

That may be just the start. French investigations examining the possible misuse by Ghosn of Renault’s money to host lavish parties and pay consulting fees are at a preliminary stage. Ghosn also agreed to pay $1m to settle a civil complaint from the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which said he failed to properly disclose potential retirement payments, without admitting or denying wrongdoing.

Nissan is trying to evict him from the pink villa in Beirut to which he still has access. Nissan purchased it for $8.75m

At his press conference, Ghosn claimed he had done nothing untoward in hosting an event at the Palace of Versailles. Regarding the SEC fine, Ghosn’s lawyers said previously, “We are pleased to have resolved this matter in the US with no findings or admission of wrongdoing.”

Ghosn’s US law firm, Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison, declined to comment on Bloomberg’s wealth estimates or on the SEC settlement. Ghosn’s Lebanese lawyer also declined to comment.

Nissan is looking at bringing legal action against Ghosn in Lebanon, people familiar with the company’s plans said, to recover money it claims he used improperly. Nissan is trying to evict him from the pink villa in Beirut to which he still has access. Nissan purchased it for $8.75m, renovated it and furnished it for him, according to a person familiar with the matter.

“Ghosn’s flight will not affect Nissan’s basic policy of holding him responsible for the serious misconduct uncovered by the internal investigation,” Nissan said on Tuesday.

Authorities may be looking to seize some of his assets. In Switzerland, where Ghosn reportedly banks with Julius Bär Group, Swiss authorities received a legal-aid request from the Tokyo district attorney’s office a year ago, a spokesperson for the agency that received the notice said. It examined the request before forwarding it to the Zurich prosecutor’s office in March. A spokesperson for the Zurich prosecutor’s office declined to comment on the nature of the request or what they are doing with it.

At Japan’s request, Interpol issued a Red Notice in Ghosn’s name, making it known to other law enforcement authorities that the country considers him a fugitive. Lebanese prosecutors have issued a travel ban for Ghosn and took his French passport, Lebanon’s justice minister, Albert Sarhan, said in an interview.

It’s not clear if any of Ghosn’s assets have been seized. In criminal court cases in Japan, a defendant’s assets cannot be confiscated until a court verdict is reached, according to Taichi Yoshikai, a law professor at Kokushikan University. Assets can only be frozen if they are linked to certain types of offences, related mainly to organised crime, and a judge determines that they are likely to be seized in case of a guilty verdict, he added. There are exceptions in civil cases, but it’s unclear how this will be applied when a defendant is overseas, he said.

Wealth assumptions

The Tokyo district public prosecutors office, which rarely makes public comments, posted an English-language statement on its website on Thursday saying Ghosn had only himself to blame for his strict bail conditions. It vowed to bring him to justice in Japan. Ghosn has been “propagating ,both within Japan and internationally, false information on Japan’s legal system and its practice”, justice minister Masako Mori said.

Renault declined to comment.

Bloomberg’s calculation of Ghosn’s net worth assumes none of his assets at the time of his arrest — which included shares in Renault and Nissan now valued at about $60m — have been seized or sold.

Even if that is the case, the costs that come with being the world’s most famous runaway will continue to be formidable. Legal bills for fugitive Malaysian financier Jho Low came to $15m, according to an October deal with US federal prosecutors. Efforts to burnish Low’s reputation cost $1.1m over seven months, according to the New York Times.

Such expenses are likely sizeable enough to pressure even a fortune as large as that of the Ghosn family. Still, some costs may be lower than expected. The $350,000 contract for Ghosn’s Osaka to Istanbul flight was to be paid in two tranches. The charter company has so far only received the first half.

With Reed Stevenson, Hugo Miller, Gearoid Reidy, Ichiro Suzuki, Dana Khraiche, Lisa Du, Greg Farrell, Ania Nussbaum and Matthew Campbell


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