Thai art showing Buddha as a Japanese superhero prompts police complaint
New Buddhist hardliners demand the artist and others be prosecuted, but establishment religious authorities say an apology was enough
Bangkok — A group of Buddhist hardliners in Thailand filed a police complaint against a young female artist on Wednesday over paintings that depict images of the Buddha as the 1960s Japanese superhero character “Ultraman”.
The complaint over four paintings, displayed last week at a shopping mall in northeastern Thailand, highlights the emboldenment of ultra-conservative Buddhist groups that seek to go further than establishment religious authorities in combating perceived threats to their faith.
Buddhism, followed by more than 90% of Thais, is one of three traditional pillars of Thai society, alongside the nation and the monarchy.
The painting was removed from the exhibition last week and the artist — a fourth-year university student whose name has been withheld for her safety — had to publicly apologise to northeastern Nakhon Ratchasima province’s chief monk in front of the provincial governor.
In the past, that might have been the end of the incident. But on Wednesday, the hardline group Buddhist Power of the Land said it had filed a police complaint against the artist and four others involved in the exhibition, on the grounds that comparing the Buddha to an action figure is disrespectful.
The group wants the five prosecuted under a law against insulting religion that allows imprisonment of up to seven years.
“The paintings dishonoured and offended Buddhists and harmed a national treasure,” Buddhist Power of the Land representative Charoon Wonnakasinanone told Reuters. The group also wants the paintings destroyed.
Under Thai law, police must investigate a complaint and recommend whether there are grounds to pursue criminal charges, a process that usually takes at least seven days.
Establishment versus hardliners
Thailand’s official Buddhist authorities oppose criminal charges against the artist. Pongporn Pramsaneh, director of the office of national Buddhism, said he considers the matter closed after the public apology. “Whoever wants to take legal action, we will not get involved,” he said.
Few have been jailed under the law, though there have been some cases of fines, including against tourists with Buddha tattoos or souvenir statues.
The artist could not be reached for comment, and the shopping centre that held the exhibition declined to comment.
The paintings were all sold last week, and one of the buyers has decided to auction it for charity. Bids had reached 500,000 baht ($84,819) as of Wednesday, with the proceeds due to be donated to a hospital.
“The paintings have shown the differences in this country between conservative and progressive Buddhists, who base their belief on Buddhist teachings rather than attachment to objects or rituals,” said Pakorn Porncheewangkul, the owner of the painting being auctioned.
Surapot Taweesak, a Buddhist scholar, said the controversy shows the reforms of Buddhism that took place under the previous military government, which aimed to clean up temples and the monkhood stalked by scandals, have failed.
On the one hand, some Thais feel that the religion is less relevant to their daily lives. At the same time, a reactionary hardline movement has arisen that sees Buddhism as under threat and in need of defence the religious establishment is not providing.
The trend also sparked a Buddhist nationalist party, Pandin Dharma Party, modeled after similar political movements in Myanmar and Sri Lanka, which contested July’s elections under the slogan of Buddhism under threat.
“In the Ultraman case, the law is dragged in instead of a normal debate,” Surapot said. “This case reflects the insecurity felt by many monks and followers about their religion.”