Former film producer Harvey Weinstein leaves court in New York, the US, June 5 2018. Picture: REUTERS
Former film producer Harvey Weinstein leaves court in New York, the US, June 5 2018. Picture: REUTERS

Geneva — The International Labour Organisation (ILO) adopted a landmark convention on Friday on preventing violence and harassment in the workplace, following tough negotiations between governments, employers and labour groups.

The text approved by an overwhelming majority at a conference marking the ILO’s 100th anniversary will become legally binding once it is ratified by national parliaments.

The UN’s labour agency began work on the convention in 2015, two years before the sexual harassment and assault allegations against Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein triggered the #MeToo movement. But ILO director-general Guy Ryder said that the global #MeToo campaign gave “momentum and significance” to the process.

Ryder conceded there had been “contentious” negotiations on the convention that establishes protection standards for workers worldwide on a range of issues, including sexual harassment.

A major stumbling block, he said, was defining “vulnerable groups”. Many wanted the convention to name these groups — a list that would have included people who are LGBTI.

Some governments, including in Africa, opposed a defined list and Ryder said a “better solution” to achieve consensus was a “generic” reference to vulnerable groups.

Even though some are unquestionably more vulnerable to violence and harassment in the workplace — notably women — Ryder stressed that the text offers protection to “everybody”.

The ILO’s work is often complicated by its tripartite structure that includes government officials, union leaders and private-sector employer representatives. Employers had been particularly concerned about whether the convention would seek to hold them responsible for abuses among colleagues that happened away from the workplace.

The text sought compromise by obligating employers to prevent violence and harassment “commensurate with their degree of control”. But Alana Matheson, a lead negotiator for the employer delegation, said her camp still had concerns about the text’s “scope”.

Ryder underscored that the convention will have little effect if the legislative bodies in ILO member-states fail to act.

“What really matters right now [are] the decisions of governments to ratify these instruments,” he told reporters after the vote, which saw the convention secure 439 votes in favour, with seven against and 30 abstentions.

The convention’s approval marked the highlight of the ILO’s 100th anniversary conference. The labour body is the only agency set up under the League of Nations following the First World War that survived fascism in Europe and the outbreak of the Second World War — ultimately becoming incorporated into the UN.