Members of Ending Clergy Abuse, a global organization of prominent survivors and activists who are in Rome and the Vatican for this week's papal summit, stand for a protest on St. Peter's Square by St. Peter's basilica on February 24, 2019. The placard reads "March to 0, zero tolerance + zero cover up = truth and justice". Picture: AFP/VINCENZO PINTO
Members of Ending Clergy Abuse, a global organization of prominent survivors and activists who are in Rome and the Vatican for this week's papal summit, stand for a protest on St. Peter's Square by St. Peter's basilica on February 24, 2019. The placard reads "March to 0, zero tolerance + zero cover up = truth and justice". Picture: AFP/VINCENZO PINTO

Vatican City — Pope Francis said on Tuesday the Catholic Church had to acknowledge a history of male domination and sexual abuse of women and children and repair its reputation among young people or risk becoming “a museum”.

But, in a major document in which he mentioned an array of scandals and again admitted significant failings by clergy, he also said the church “could not agree with everything some feminist groups propose”, a clear reference to the church’s ban on a female priesthood.

The pope is grappling with criticism over the church’s response to a decades-long clerical sexual abuse crisis that has gravely damaged its standing around the globe and led to payouts of billions of dollars in compensation.

Francis made his comment in a 50-page “Apostolic Exhortation” about a month-long meeting of bishops in October on the role of young people in the 1.3-billion-member church.

Francis, 82, urged young people not to be disillusioned by the sexual abuse scandal, but to work with the overwhelming majority of priests and other clergy, who are faithful to their vocation.

He said clergy sexual abuse was “a tragedy” and asked young people to help the church in “this dark moment”.

“A living church can look back on history and acknowledge a fair share of male authoritarianism, domination, various forms of enslavement, abuse and sexist violence,” the pontiff said.

“With this outlook, she can support the call to respect women’s rights, and offer convinced support for greater reciprocity between males and females, while not agreeing with everything some feminist groups propose,” he said.

Some women’s groups seek a female priesthood. The church has ruled this out, arguing that Jesus chose only men as his apostles.

In March the all-female staff of the Vatican newspaper’s monthly magazine on women’s issues resigned, saying a new editor sought to put them “under direct male control”. Recent stories in the magazine include one on sexual abuse of nuns by priests. The editor has denied their accusations.

Francis acknowledged the church had to win back many young people who see it as insignificant in their lives or a nuisance. Such a view of the church can “have serious and understandable reasons: sexual and financial scandals; a clergy ill-prepared to engage effectively with the sensitivities of the young”.

The church has to keep and attract young people by better explaining its doctrine, he said. “A church always on the defensive, which loses her humility and stops listening to others, which leaves no room for questions, loses her youth and turns into a museum.”

The pope did not mention demands by women participants at the synod that they be allowed to vote in future synods. While he said the church should be “attentive to the legitimate claims of those women who seek greater justice and equality” and that young people had complained of a “lack of leading female role models”, he offered no new ideas. Only a handful of women hold positions of authority in the Vatican.

The pope did not expand on homosexuality, saying only that the synod discussed it.

Reuters