Pro and anti Brexit supporters hold placards and flags as they demonstrate outside the Houses of Parliament on January 14 2019. Prime Minister Theresa May ramped up warnings today to MPs poised to reject her EU divorce deal that failing to deliver Brexit would be “catastrophic” for British democracy. Picture: Tolga AKMEN/AFP
Pro and anti Brexit supporters hold placards and flags as they demonstrate outside the Houses of Parliament on January 14 2019. Prime Minister Theresa May ramped up warnings today to MPs poised to reject her EU divorce deal that failing to deliver Brexit would be “catastrophic” for British democracy. Picture: Tolga AKMEN/AFP

London — British Prime Minister Theresa May published further assurances from the EU on Monday, on the eve of a crucial parliamentary vote on her Brexit deal, and warned MPs that rejecting it would lead to "paralysis" that could see Britain stay in the bloc.

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and European Council president Donald Tusk repeated in a letter that they would not reopen the divorce deal, but offered clarifications with "legal value" on a controversial clause.

In a speech shortly afterwards in Stoke, a Brexit-backing city, May admitted their offer fell short of what she wanted. But she said: "I'm convinced that MPs now have the clearest assurances that this is the best deal possible and is worthy of their support."

May had promised assurances on the so-called Irish backstop arrangement when she postponed a vote on the agreement in December, facing certain defeat in the House of Commons.

Detrimental deal

As MPs prepare to finally cast their judgment on Tuesday evening, large numbers of her own Conservative MPs and her Northern Irish allies are still strongly opposed.

In a further setback, government whip Gareth Johnson — a Brexiteer and one of the officials charged with getting MPs to vote for the deal — announced his resignation.

"I have concluded that I cannot, in all conscience, support the government's position when it is clear this deal would be detrimental to our nation's interests," he wrote.

Meanwhile anti-Brexit MPs have stepped up efforts to tie the government's hands in parliament to avoid the damaging prospect of Britain leaving the EU on March 29 with no deal.

May repeated that the only way to avoid "no deal" was to support her agreement, saying that "if no deal is as bad as you believe it is, it will be the height of recklessness to do anything else".

But with growing calls to delay Brexit or call a second referendum, she said: "It's now my judgment that a more likely outcome is a paralysis in parliament that risks there being no Brexit."

Assurances with ‘legal value’

May signed the divorce deal with other EU leaders in December after 18 months of tough negotiations, but it has faced huge opposition in Britain.

The most contentious element is the backstop, which would keep Britain tied to some EU trade rules, with even closer alignment for the province of Northern Ireland, if and until another way was found to avoid border checks with Ireland.

Tusk and Juncker said the EU "does not wish to see the backstop enter into force" and noted that if it was necessary, it would only be temporary.

They promised to work quickly to find alternatives to keep open the border, including using technology, a solution backed by Brexit supporters.

The pair repeated that similar assurances to this nature made at an EU summit in December “have legal value”.

May conceded however that the EU had rejected her request for a time limit to the backstop should it come into effect.

Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which props up May's government in parliament, said the EU letter was “meaningless”, adding: “Nothing has changed.”

The opposition Labour party, which favours remaining in a permanent customs union with the EU, also dismissed the EU's assurances.

“The prime minister has once again failed to deliver,” Labour's Brexit spokesperson Keir Starmer said.

Labour have said they will seek a no-confidence vote in the government if MPs reject May's plan. If the government loses, parties would have 14 days to find an alternative that had the support of a majority of MPs, or an election would be called.

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has conceded that if the party won power, parliament would likely need to delay Brexit so it could renegotiate the withdrawal agreement.

Speculation is growing in Brussels and London that May could also seek an extension to the Article 50 exit process if she loses the vote on Tuesday.

She has denied this repeatedly, but asked about this in Stoke, gave what some viewed as an equivocal answer, saying: “I don't believe we should be extending Article 50.”

May repeated her opposition to a second referendum, which a growing minority of MPs support as the only way out of the parliamentary deadlock on Brexit.

AFP