US, China declare 90-day halt to new tariffs, as trade negotiations get under way
The US president held high-stakes talks with his Chinese counterpart at the G20 summit
China and the United States have agreed to halt additional tariffs as both nations engage in new trade negotiations with the goal of reaching an agreement within 90 days, the White House said on Saturday after President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping held high-stakes talks in Argentina.
Trump agreed not to boost tariffs on $200bn of Chinese goods to 25% on January 1 as previously announced, while Beijing agreed to buy an unspecified but "very substantial" amount of agricultural, energy, industrial and other products, the White House said in a statement.
China "is open to approving the previously unapproved" deal for US company Qualcomm Inc to acquire Netherlands-based NXP Semiconductors "should it again be presented."
In July, Qualcomm — the world's biggest smartphone-chip maker — walked away from a $44bn deal to buy NXP Semiconductors after failing to secure Chinese regulatory approval, becoming a high-profile victim of the Sino-US trade dispute.
Qualcomm and NXP did not immediately respond to requests for comment late on Saturday.
As part of the deal, China also agreed to start purchasing agricultural products from US farmers immediately, the White House said.
Speaking to reporters on Air Force One, Trump hailed his agreement with Xi.
"It's an incredible deal," Trump said. "What I'd be doing is holding back on tariffs. China will be opening up. China will be getting rid of tariffs."
He said under the deal China would buy a "tremendous amount of agricultural and other product" from the US. "It'll have an incredibly positive impact on farming."
US companies and consumers are bearing part of the cost of the US tariffs on China by paying higher prices for goods, and many companies have increased prices of imported goods.
At the same time, US farmers have been hurt by reduced Chinese imports of soybeans and other products.
The White House said that if agreement on trade issues including technology transfer, intellectual property, non-tariff barriers, cyber theft and agriculture has not been reached with China in 90 days, that both parties agree that the 10 percent tariffs will be raised to 25%.
Trump imposed 10% tariffs on $200bn worth of Chinese goods in September.
China responded by imposing its own tariffs. Trump has also threatened to put tariffs on another $267bn worth of Chinese imports.
Xi also agreed to designate the drug fentanyl as a controlled substance, the White House said.
For more than a year, Trump has raised concerns about the synthetic opioid being sent from China to the US, which is facing an epidemic of opioid-related deaths.