Trade tension likely to intensify as China’s trade surplus with the US balloons
The data, which showed that the China’s surplus shrank with the rest of the world, is likely to reinforce the US’s determination to impose new tariffs on Chinese imports
Beijing — China’s trade surplus with the US jumped in May, official data showed Friday, worsening the imbalance at the centre of the tension between the economic titans.
By contrast, China’s trade surplus with the rest of the world shrank.
The figures may reinforce Washington’s determination to move forward with new tariffs on tens of billions of dollars of Chinese imports as early as next week.
Beijing has warned that those tariffs would void agreements made between the two powers over months of trade negotiations between the world’s two largest economies.
The record imbalances are at the heart of US President Donald Trump’s anger at what he describes as Beijing’s unfair trade practices that are hurting American companies and destroying jobs.
Trade is also expected to dominate upcoming Group of Seven (G-7) talks — which do not include China — with Canada and leading European nations warning Trump they will not back down over tariffs.
For the first five months of the year, China’s surplus with the US crossed the $100bn mark, hitting $104.8bn.
Customs data showed the surplus grew 11.7% year on year to $24.6bn in May, with exports to the US rising by about 12% and imports up 11%.
With the wider world, Chinese demand has outpaced its shipment growth, with its surplus of $24.9bn for the month down 38.9% from last year.
China’s exports grew 12.6% in May while imports jumped 26% year on year, outpacing forecasts of 11.1% growth and 18.0% respectively, by analysts pooled by Bloomberg News. "
The particularly strong May figures are due to uncertainties from the trade negotiations," said Iris Pang, an economist at ING Groep NV in Hong Kong to Bloomberg News. "Exports risks are mounting, so the exporters expedited importing components for re-export."
On Thursday in Washington, the US announced it had reached a deal with Beijing to ease sanctions that brought Chinese smartphone maker ZTE to the brink of collapse, a possible indication of progress in fraught trade talks.
The ZTE settlement came just days after Beijing reportedly offered to ramp up purchases of American goods by $70bn to help cut the yawning trade imbalance with the US — moving part-way towards meeting a major demand of Trump.
Trump has demanded a $200bn reduction in its trade deficit with China over two years.
Despite the settlement, there was no sign Trump had veered from plans to impose as much as $50bn in tariffs on Chinese imports to punish Beijing for its alleged theft of American technology and know-how.
Despite some positive signs for a trade deal with the US, analysts cautioned China faced other trade hurdles.
"Chinese trade growth is still likely to edge down over the coming year as the global economy loses momentum and headwinds to domestic demand from slower credit growth intensify," said Julian Evans-Pritchard, a China watcher at Capital Economics.