London — The scales have tipped in the fight against HIV/AIDS, with more than half of people infected with HIV getting treatment and AIDS-related deaths almost halving since 2005. In its latest report on the pandemic, which has killed 35-million people since the 1980s, the Unaids agency said there were particularly encouraging signs in Africa, a continent ravaged by the disease. Eastern and southern Africa are leading the way, reducing new HIV infections by nearly 30% since 2010. Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe have gone further, cutting new HIV infections by 40% or more since 2010. Among the most significant effects of a vast increase in HIV testing, treatment and prevention programmes, has been the reduction of AIDS-related deaths, which have dropped by almost half since 2005. As a result, more people in what had been some of the worst-affected countries, are now living longer. In eastern and southern Africa, for example, average life expectancy increased by nearly 10 year...

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