Farming, family time and church duties top the to-do lists of former ministers who will not be returning to parliament. Those who did not make the list of candidates to the National Assembly included Senzeni Zokwana (agriculture, forestry & fisheries), Ebrahim Patel (economic development), Gugile Nkwinti (water & sanitation), Rob Davies (trade & industry) and Michael Masutha (justice). They have thanked the ANC for deploying them to the fifth democratic parliament, saying they would explore other areas of interest.

However, the president can use his discretionary powers to appoint no more than two ministers who are not MPs  .

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