Picture: ISTOCK
Picture: ISTOCK

In the article, Patience ensured a slow and steady rise to the top (December 19), Ray Hartley writes, "Many of the young black consciousness activists who left SA for exile were in for a rude awakening. The state of the liberation movements most closely aligned with their politics — the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and the Azanian People’s Organisation (Azapo) — was abysmal".

Can he please explain which Azapo was ever outside the country in exile. The only Azapo is the one created inside SA after the banning of Black consciousness formations in October 1977. Except in the mid-1980s with the formation of the United Democratic Front, Black consciousness never viewed the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress as rivals, but as allies in the struggle.

It was impressed in young activists’ minds that the ANC and PAC were engaged in the "armed" version of the struggle and many went into exile to join the armed struggle. This was the reason of their impatience when they were not given weapons to fight, which led to the deaths of some of them.

Kenosi Mosalakae
Houghton