As the ANC celebrated its 108th birthday on Sunday in a commemoration that featured celebrity music shows, a golf tournament and an 8,000-word statement stressing organisational unity, many of us watching at home knew that such gestures cannot paper over divisions within the ruling party.

Most visibly, the power struggle between President Cyril Ramaphosa, whose tenuous grip on power is expected to be tested again in 2020 as the ANC heads towards its national general council, and his predecessor, Jacob Zuma, whose vaguely defined economic policies strike a responsive chord among top leaders within the ANC, including secretary-general Ace Magashule...

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