There is a growing consensus among SA’s agricultural economists that the next frontiers for growth in the sector will be production mainly in the former homeland provinces (KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Limpopo). Government-owned land and underperforming land reform farms are other avenues for expansion in agricultural output.

The Eastern Cape and Limpopo contribute just 6% and 7% to the nation’s agricultural fortunes respectively, whereas Western Cape, Free State and Mpumalanga contribute 22%, 10%, and 9% to national agriculture gross value added. A crucial step for SA is to understand why agricultural development has lagged in some regions over the past two decades.

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