The final phase of what had been a centuries-long struggle against foreign domination, racial discrimination and unbridled exploitation came to an end on April 27 1994, with the first democratic election held in SA.

This phase of the struggle, which had started during the last quarter of the 19th century with the beginning of the diamond and gold mining industry, was led by the black African middle class. In 1994 the African middle class thus gained control of a state that had been built by Dutch and British colonialists since the 17th century...

Subscribe now to unlock this article.

Support BusinessLIVE’s award-winning journalism for R129 per month (digital access only).

There’s never been a more important time to support independent journalism in SA. Our subscription packages now offer an ad-free experience for readers.

Cancel anytime.

Would you like to comment on this article?
Sign up (it's quick and free) or sign in now.

Speech Bubbles

Please read our Comment Policy before commenting.