Across Africa, from Zambia to Mali, access to imports for inland countries is getting harder. Cautious stock management is being compounded by lockdown rules. The two together can stop regional trade entirely.

These countries are not just importing toilet rolls and tyres. Critical goods that can have an effect on lives and livelihoods, and on politics, are most affected: wheat and maize to cover current shortfalls; seeds, fertiliser and crop protection for the next harvest...

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