Spatial policy has never been watched so keenly as in differentiating districts while we move from lockdown level 4 to level 3. The emphasis for provincial governments has been to understand how infection rates vary between, and ideally within, metros and districts, given that hotspot areas with high infection rates will determine lockdown options.

While there are individual factors concerning “super-spreaders”, clusters of outbreaks and institutional factors (for instance in prisons), the extent to which Covid-19 is likely to take root is strongly influenced by a range of underlying factors specific to poverty and living conditions...

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