The ancient Stoic philosophers like Marcus Aurelius, Seneca and Epictetus regularly conducted an exercise known as a premeditatio malorum, which translates as a “premeditation of evils”.

The goal of this exercise was to envision the negative things that could happen in life. For example, the Stoics would imagine what it would be like to lose their job and become homeless or to suffer an injury and become paralysed or to have their reputation ruined and lose their status in society.

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